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The Spartan Caste System Essay

1675 words - 7 pages

The Spartan Caste System setup are the Helots who are slaves and laborers. The Perioeci who were neither slaves nor full citizens. The Spartriates were citizens and warriors. They are the cause of Sparta's fall because they didn't change the government and always being outnumbered. The government didn't change like the rest of the Greek city- states( McArver). The Spartriates were very arrogant because helots still has the ability to fight because they went to war with the Spartriates about four times and gave them trouble. If this is a warrior society then they should have given the helots more freedom so they can fight to save their city- state Sparta. Maybe Alaric would never have burned their city to the ground.
There are three groups of people, Spartriates, Helots, and Periokoi. The Spartriates were the warrior class and where they are to become full citzens. They are allowed to go to agōgē. An agōgē is a school for full citizen families for training their children. They learned stealth, loyalty to the Spartan group, military training, hunting, dancing, singing, and social speaking. Agōgē meant leading or guidance. Historians say that it might have caused the Second Messenian War because they would teach the boys to protect against helot rebellion. Spartriates were all equal because whether they were rich or poor the women wore the same woolen dress and men would wear the same woolen shirt. Spartriates would banish fat people because they were not strong and they were not going to create strong children. The name of the helots isn't really known to theory, but it is thought to come from Helos or even from a Greek word that means captured. The Helots were Messenian that were conquered during the first Messenian War. Helots would outnumber the Spartriates by a lot. Their role is to produce for the Spartiates. They were able to own property and have a family. They were even able to keep the language of their choice and keep their own customs. They were even able to be promoted in some cases to Neodamodeis who are guards of some sort. They would revolt a lot because they wanted to be free. They had two revolts and they were known as the Second and Third Messenian Wars. They eventually became free because the Spartiates had gotten weaker and they took their shot and became free. Perioikoi were not citizens but they were neither slaves too. The origin of Perioikoi was dwellers around they did not own land so they turned to industry and trade. Mostly worked in woolen goods and iron because everybody were equals. So they wore wool and they couldn't own gold and silver so they used iron. They became very wealthy too because they were merchants and traders. Using the iron bars was not very fun. It was basically encouraging people not buy goods because they had to lug around those heavy iron bars. The final group were the inferiors, they were neither slaves nor citizens just like Perioikoi. The inferiors included the Partheniai, Mothoces,...

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