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The Break Up Of Union Of Soviet Socialist Republic

2761 words - 11 pages


In one week, the summer of 1991, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, became history. The forces of reform unleashed by President Mikhail Gorbachev in the mid 1980’s generated a democratic movement. “Mr. Gorbachev may be revered for the democratic forces he unleashed- his policies of perestroika, or reconstructing, and glasnost, or openness. However, his failure to put food on Soviet tables and his reluctance to move boldly on economic reforms doomed him to be a failure'; (Sieff). His economic policies threw his country into even more turmoil and chaos, as the different nationalities used their new freedoms to move away from the union. “Gorbachev sincerely wanted to reform the communist system, but he did not want to eliminate it. He recognized there was a lot of wrong with his country, but right to the end, he never grasped the extent of the problem'; (Russia). As a result, the breakup of the Soviet Union was not a singular event that occurred overnight, rather was caused by decades of neglect and abuse to the former nations by the central communist government. A government that would never end, but find ways to cover-up its identity.
     From the start of the Twenty- Seventh Party Congress in 1986, perestroika, Mikhail Gorbachev’s program of “economic, political, and social reconstructing, became the unintended catalyst for dismantling what had taken nearly three- quarters of a century to erect'; (Perestroika). Conservatives have called it as a “public effort to subtly seduce the Western world to lower its guard'; (Corpus), believing it was a disguise just to distract foreign nations. Liberals believe it that it is a “mandate for disarmament and cooperation between two extremely different value systems while under the death threat of nuclear war'; (Corpus). However, Gorbachev declares that it is a “union of principals and socialism and not a response to a poor domestic economy or wholesale abandonment of basic communist tenets'; (Corpus). Furthermore, he asserts that perestroika is a “blueprint for the Soviet Union to emerge from the economic backwardness into global industrial competitiveness'; (The Meaning Perestroika). He believed that was the only way that the Soviet Union would be able to survive now. Yet, the question of “what is perestroika?'; still exists. Some believe that it is a “conspiracy organized by the CIA, and by the West in general, a conspiracy which aimed at military/political subversion of the USSR and of communism in general'; (Yakovlev). Some say perestroika was “a betrayal either intended as such from the very beginning and quiet conscious, or a betrayal that just happened to occur'; (Yakovlev). While others still declare that perestroika “was stupidity, probably caused by good intentions, which resulted in an absolute lack of responsibility'; (Yakovlev). In...

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