The Region That We Refer To As The Middle East

1387 words - 6 pages

The region that we refer to as the Middle East has lately been marked with violence and terror. Many of the Arab nations in the region are fighting amongst each other. The Israeli-Palestinian question is one of the many conflicts that have risen out of this seemingly chaotic part of the world. As of recently, the violence has only been escalating more and more. With all of the bombings, attacks, violence and terror, the Prime Minister of Israel, Ariel Sharon, has finally ordered the Israeli Defense Forces to take cities in the Occupied Territories. The West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Golan Heights make up the Occupied Territories. These incursions by the IDF are in an attempt to stop the violence between the two people and are based on the basic idea of self-defense. They are not mean to strike fear into the Palestinians. Sharon simply wants to secure his people in Israel. This is his motive for sending the IDF into the Occupied Territories, and he is, in a way, sending the message of his desire for peace out to the Arab nations and to the rest of the world.Israel claims that the lands which they occupy are rightfully theirs, and have been since biblical times. According to Scripture, God promised the land to Abraham and his descendants, his descendants being the Jewish people. As a result of the large amounts of anti-Semitism, the Jewish people have had to relocate many times going as far back as the middle ages. One of the reasons for all of this anti-Semitism is that the Jewish culture does not blend well with those of other cultures or religions. Thus, there is no better place for the Jews to settle than Israel, the birthplace of the Jewish religion.This idea or desire of a Jewish homeland is known as Zionism. During the 1800's and 1900's, Zionism became an important political movement. The Dreyfus Affair jumpstarted this political movement. Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who was an officer in the French Army, was accused of selling military secrets to the Germans. Although his innocence was proved, the fact that he was a Jew increased Anti-Semitism in France. An Austrian Journalist by the name of Theodore Herzl observed this trial. All of his studies and observations of the trial led him to believe that Jewish culture would never be able to harmonically blend with any non-Jewish societies.Another instance of extreme hatred toward Jewish people was during the reign of Hitler and the Nazis. Anti-Semitism reached it's pinnacle throughout World War II during the 1930's and 1940's. According to Hitler, the Jews had none of the characteristics that defined the perfect race of which Hitler set out to create. Because of this, along with the raging anti-Semitism in the Europe, the Jews became a main target of Hitler's cruel and barbaric campaign. This is how the Holocaust began. Many Jews were sent to concentration camps and to death camps where they were tortured and killed. Millions of Jews died as a result of the Holocaust. Any that were spared from the...

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