This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Spread Of Islam Essay

1902 words - 8 pages

There are several historical reasons for the astonishing spread of Islam throughout Arabia and beyond after Muhammad’s death in 632 AD. These factors basically depended in degree of which Islamic leader, empire, or dynasty was in power. Although the religious sincerity and zeal of the Islamic powers varied greatly, some reflection of the Muslim theological past was needed to internally stabilize the Islamic world. The ways in which Islam spread was due to ingenuity of the Islamic powers, which allowed successful Islamic military conquests to begin, and regular reliance of Islamic leaders on the religious principles established by the Prophet as well as the early Caliphs, which justified ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, after Muhammad, the Quranic principles were followed and applied by the successors, the first four Caliphs, who are described as “ the rightly guided” (Mohammad 384).The death of Muhammed was not the end of Islam, but it rather dramatically gain momentum through his successors, the Caliphs.
The early Caliphs were able to fortify Muslim rule in Arabia and launch further conquests with the combination of three important factors: unification, conquest, and religious devotion. The initial spread of Islam was so rapid that, as H.U. Rahman, the author of Chronology of Islamic History points out, “in less than one century after death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD, Muslim rule covered more of the earth than had the Roman Empire at its peak”(7). The unification did not happen overnight, it happened because the Islamic rulers always had much division to deal with. The first Caliph, Abu Bakr, had the difficult job of uniting all of the tribes that had abandoned their devotion to the ummah after Muhammad’s death, yet through political, theological, and military force, Abu Bakr was able to completely unify Arabia before his death in 634. Secondly, despite the assassinations of the next three caliphs – Umar, Uthman, and Ali – which characterizes the bloody period that occurred, the spread of Islam continued to gain momentum as successful military campaigns were carried out abroad (9-11). The internal unification and successful conquest led to the establishment of the Islamic world during the seventh century, and the speed in which it accomplished this showed to the world that Islam’s stability.
The third explanation of the rapid spread of Islam throughout Arabia and beyond was – most importantly- the religious devotion of the leaders, and general Arab population. Muslim conquests would not have succeeded without being fuelled with a sense that God was on their side. Tamara Sonn, the Kenan Professor of Religion and Humanities affirms that the basic principles of Islamic faith captivated the people and structured Islamic life in Medina, and it was around these practices and core values that the early Muslim community was built (23). From Sonn’s assertion, it is clear that religion is the principal factor underlying and motivating the Arab conquests. It is indeed hard to imagine any group achieving geographical expansion without a clear cut goal and purpose – for Mongols, it was a harsh ideological reason, while for the Muslims it was the feeling that they were being divinely guided.
The spread of a religious ideal can only be truly accomplished if those whom it is trying to gain consideration from are unhappy with their own contemporary world. This was the case or many thousands of people under Byzantine rule. There was a great number who gladly believed the conquering Islamic rulers and Quranic law as they found protection and benefits that had not been attained under Byzantine rule. Many minorities were greatly dissatisfied with the...

Find Another Essay On The spread of Islam

The Spread of the Arab Empire and Islam

906 words - 4 pages drove this great expansion. The idea is that of forcefully converting nonbelievers through raids, or, razzias. This is how the Muslim Empire spread. Islam encouraged people to raid and conquer tribes of nonbelievers to convert them in the name of God. What started out as a religious expansion soon became closely associated with the political aspect of the Arabic empire. After a tribe or area was converted the Muslim empire assumed control of

How Trade in West Africa Encouraged The Spread of Islam

1225 words - 5 pages HOW TRADE IN WEST AFRICA ENCOURAGED THE SPREAD OF ISLAM Islam, a monotheistic and spiritually based religion which refers to the act of giving great reverence to the Supreme Being, “submission to God” was found in the Saudi Arabian countries by the Prophet Muhammad in 610 C.E.1 The religion which was renowned for its triumph, patent power with an open set of beliefs about the Dos and the DONTs so as to gain access to heaven spread

Spread of Islam via Sokoto Caliphate

770 words - 4 pages declared by Usman dan Fodio and initially directed by his kinsmen, Sokoto in Nigeria had such an effect in the spread of Muslim influence in Sub-Sahara Africa; whereas in the prior centuries Islam was proliferated without as much blood shed in the most northern reaches of the Sahara. Usman dan Fodio, a son of a Fulani teacher having studied with variety of shaykhs or teachers in the Arabic introduced a new system of ruling in what -became the Sokoto

Spread of Islam to North Africa

711 words - 3 pages soon realized they would need to spread if they wish to keep their religion alive. Islam was spread to North Africa as a result of conquest over African tribes, missionary efforts by the Muslim people, and traders spreading the religion by ear. At first the amount of people that supported the Muslim religion wasn’t very large but soon after the religion started they had a very large military. Based on the geographical location of the Arabian

American Feelings Toward Arabs/Islam: Reaction Of Historical Conflicts Through The Spread Of Stereotypical Views

2293 words - 9 pages that they are "evil." A number of movies that contain some sort of reference to Islam have usually used stereotypes in order to bring their plot together, as you will soon see. American government's actions in history along with media portrayals of Arabs and Islam have made the reactions to 9/11 significantly worse than it already was.One real question that many have asked is "Where have these stereotypes and feelings of hatred towards Arabs and

What Factors Allowed the Spread of Islam in Arabia Peninsula In pas

1604 words - 7 pages or do something and societies were patriarchal. Slavery and serfdom were also common. When Muhammad rose as prophet, he changed many things. He removed slavery and serfdom, united the tribes and raised the status of women (Hitti P30). At the time of Mohammad Islam spread entire the Arabia peninsula. The most important things that allowed the spread of Islam in Arabia peninsula were unique teaching, religious law, trade (route), battle and

What factors allowed the spread of Islam in Arabia Peninsula in Postclassical period?

806 words - 4 pages . Women didn’t have any right to decide or do something and societies were patriarchal. Slavery and serfdom were also common. When Muhammad rose as prophet, he changed many things. He removed slavery and serfdom, united the tribes and raised the status of women (Hitti P30). At the time of Mohammad Islam spread to the entire Arabian Peninsula. The most important things that allowed the spread of Islam in Arabian Peninsula were unique teachings

The spread and localization of Buddhism and Islam into Southeast Asia

680 words - 3 pages The spread of religion first began through contact with neighbouring countries which gradually expand throughout the years. Buddhism and Islam are one of the most widespread religions across Southeast Asian countries like Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Trade merchants and imperial support of the religion played as major factors which facilitated and localised the spread of Buddhism and Islam within various

The Spread of Christianity

1153 words - 5 pages crucification. There are 4 major branches of Christianity, Roman Catholic,Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and protestant. Christians believe in only one God, and follow The Holy Bible. Christianity certainly did not become the worlds largest religion overnight, in fact there were many factors which helped the spread of Christianity. The spread of Christianity was helped by conversion by force, the Roman Empire, and early missionaries.. The spread of

The Spread of Blogging

1676 words - 7 pages “Blogging is an art, same as any other method of self-expression. Some are better at it than others” (Hugh Macleod, n.d.). With the rapid advance and spread of technology, blogging gained a wide interest worldwide. There are now over 152,000,000 blogs on the internet. This phenomenon has also reached Lebanon to become a way in which any person could express his opinions and thoughts freely and share them with the world. Many Lebanese blogs

the importance of spread spectrum

635 words - 3 pages Introduction History of Spread Spectrum In March 1903 an inventor called Nikola Tesla’s U.S patent was granted for his “Method of Signalling”, within the patent the system is described to allow radio communications “without any danger of the signals or messages being disturbed, intercepted, interfered with in any way”. The system described in the patent would allow the transmitter and receiver, once synchronised, to hop between channels in order

Similar Essays

The Spread Of Christianity And Islam

1373 words - 5 pages two of the largest and most historically important religions on earth--Christianity and Islam--also emerged and spread from the Middle East. As they expanded from this region, both of these religions had substantial impact on the course of history. Both of them also made considerable progress during their first 200 years of expansion. However, during the first two centuries of the existence of each religion there were fundamental differences

The Spread Of Islam In Arabia

2084 words - 8 pages There are several historical reasons for the astonishing spread of Islam throughout Arabia and beyond after Muhammad’s death in 632 AD. These factors basically depended in degree of which Islamic leader, empire, or dynasty was in power. Although the religious sincerity and zeal of the Islamic powers varied greatly, some reflection of the Muslim’s religious belief in past was needed to internally stabilize the Islamic world. The ways in which

The History And Spread Of Islam

2259 words - 9 pages Islam’s present day relevance is due to it being one of the world’s most talked about religions. It is also one of the largest religions in the world. Islam has followers in all areas of the globe. (Zissis, 2007) Islam first began spreading in 610 CE and has not stopped. Today, India’s population includes approximately 150 million Muslims and Islam has contributed greatly to the area and its people. (Kennedy, 2007) The spread of Islam is vast

Spread Of Islam In India Essay

1869 words - 7 pages Islam in early period of India even though India was populated with indigenous religious beliefs. Islam is a monotheistic religion that was spread with bunch of beliefs and faiths after the Prophet Mohammad. In order to that the colonization of Muslims initiated in India was the key place from where Islam was started its expansion version to remaining places of South Asia.Beyondpersuasion and forced conversion, the main factors that influenced in