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The Stamp Act Of 1765 Essay

1244 words - 5 pages

The Stamp Act of 1765 was the beginning of the revolution for the colonies of North America. When the Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament, it required American colonists to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. This included ship’s papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, and even playing cards. However, in the past, taxes and duties on colonial trade had always been viewed as measure to regulate commerce but not to raise money. Therefore, England viewed this taxes as a direct attempt to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislatures. Due to this effects, the Stamp Act provoked such a violent reaction in the colonies, because it was seen as a threat to the colonist’s liberties and rights, as well as affecting multiple members of the society.
When the French and Indian War had started in 1763, it was assured that Great Britain was deeply in debt. During this battle, England had occupied much of Eastern American colonies. When the British had taken over the colonies it angered the workers, because many of them thought they had to leave their jobs and work for British side. In addition too, many colonists knew they were going to be taxed. This quote is directly from Benjamin Franklin’s Letter on the Stamp Act in July 01, 1765. “Idleness and pride tax with a heavier hand than kings and parliaments. If we can get rid of the former, we may easily bear the latter” (Franklin). If the colonists can get rid of the British Legislative branch, then they will have the freedom to sell, buy, and trade. However, many colonist believed they could do anything more, but not pay any taxes to the Parliament. Throughout the middle 1700s, many farmers faced this issue and were not able to free themselves with taxes. On the other hand, the custom service collected more than £30,000 a year in duties from taxing colonists (Thorndike). Then, during the late 1750s and early 1760s, a new message to colonist appeared saying, “No taxation without representation” spoken by Patrick Henry (George). It was to express the colonial’s desire to have representation in the British parliament prior to the American Revolution. However, the British monarchy declined the fact that they had no say in determining what taxes were passed, how heavy they were, and the purposes for which they were extracted. This, in fact, was the main reason that led to the American Revolution and then ending in 1763.
The rise of the depression still continued for colonists. The Stamp Act spurred the colonial society and created widespread resistance. This served to be unifying force among the individual colonies. For the first time in December 1765, The Congress issued the Stamp Act Resolves, declaring: “(1) taxes could be imposed only by the elected officials of the colonies; (2) the distance between Britain and North America precluded colonial representation in Parliament, virtual or otherwise; and (3) the compromise of jury trials...

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