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The State And Federal Governments: Rules And Regulations On Employment

1527 words - 6 pages

Employment law involves all aspects of the employer and employee relationship except for the negotiation process that is covered by labor law and collective bargaining. Employment law is comprised of hundreds and hundreds of Federal and state statutes, judicial decisions and administrative regulations. There are many employment laws that were enacted as protective labor legislation such as minimum wage regulations. Other employment laws are viewed as a form of public insurance such as unemployment compensation. It is unlawful employment practice for an employer to refuse to hire an employee based on the employee's race, color, religion, sex or national origin. It is also unlawful for the employer to fire, limit, segregate or classify an employee based on discrimination.Originally, the American system of government started as an experiment in liberty and democracy in 1776. Through the years it has proved to be fair and adaptable to the new times. The United States of America is mostly categorized as a democracy, while in fact it is truly a federal republic. The government of the United States is based on the Constitution which is the supreme law of the country. The Constitution provides the framework for how the federal and state governments are structured, but it also limits their powers. "Federal" means that there is both governments of the 50 states and also a national government. A "republic" is a form of government where the people may elect representatives to exercise the power which the people hold.The Constitution does not only define the structure and powers of the federal government but it also contains provisions regarding the state government. Each state has its own constitution which has provisions for local governments within the state. The local governments may govern such matters as local natural resources within their cities, counties, towns or school districts.The federal government is solely limited to the powers that the United States Constitution specifically grants them. Some of the powers include regulating commerce between states, providing for national defense and creating money. Overtime, the Constitution has been interpreted and changed to adapt to the changing circumstances. The powers exercised by the federal government have been changed along with it. The federal government creates certain laws and programs that are federally funded by working with the state that are administered by the state. Some of the federally funded programs that are delivered by the state are education, social welfare, assisted housing and nutrition, homeland security, transportation, and emergency response. This gives the federal government the power to influence the states. For example, "In the 1970s, the federal government wanted to lower highway speed limits to reduce energy consumption. Rather than simply legislate a lower speed limit, the federal government threatened to withhold money for road projects from states that did not themselves...

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