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The State Of Biodiversity On Earth

1176 words - 5 pages

“The Current Biodiversity Extinction Event: Scenarios for Mitigation and Recovery”, a colloquium paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science in 2001, is an article in which authors that are educated in specialized scientific fields utilize rhetorical devices to advance their argument regarding the future of biodiversity on Earth. The authors, Michael J. Novacek and Elsa E. Cleland, were part of a discussion panel along with other experts in a variety of scientific fields that dealth with the topic of future evolution. Members of the panels included natural history experts, environmentalists, paleontologists, conservationists, entomologists and plant ecologists. When ...view middle of the document...

A rhetorical approach to the analysis of this article will focus on the authors’ use of language, their understanding of the audience and specific structural elements that contribute to the advancement of the argument being made. Novacek and Cleland are arguing about the need to generate promising proposals and devise effective strategies to help save what is left of the Earth’s vital ecosystems. To achieve the most effective proposals and strategies, the authors propose interdisciplinary collaborations and research. The authors’ purpose in writing this paper is to point the scientific community in the direction of a common goal. This goal is to save vital ecosystems on Earth that are suffering from human interference. This common goal will include the research and dedication of all disciplines of science to ban together to continue perfecting an argument that will resonate with heavily consuming, industrialized countries and governments to help protect endangered ecosystems.
Novavek and Clenland’s intended audience was the attendees of the National Academy of Sciences colloquium titled “The Future of Evolution” in 2000. This paper was later published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America in 2001 along with the other 14 articles presented. The argument Novavek and Cleland crafted was directly influenced by the audience they were addressing. The analysis will go deeper into the specific claims, examples and terms the authors used to appeal to their specific audience in order to gain influence and foster interdisciplinary support. Throughout the article, the authors give opportunities for scientists to get involved and introduce future fields of study that could be pursued to help the greater goal Novavek and Cleland proposed for the scientific community.
Novavek and Cleland’s use of language can be observed throughout the article in instances of copia, metaphor, alliteration, consonance, and the strategic use of terms that appeal to their intended audience. The audience of the National Academy of Science is already receptive to their terminology therefore it is used within a new structure to present answers in a different frame for how scientists should get involved in rescuing the Earth’s ecosystems. The authors use terms that are relevant within all disciplines to create a sense of commonality and combined effort in their suggested pursuits. The analysis will include an in depth look at the how the use of these terms advances the argument and contributes to the authors sense of urgency for the cause.
Novavek and Cleland structure their argument in a very thorough, straightforward, logical, manner that...

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