The States Need Help Essay

749 words - 3 pages

The federal system created in 1787 continues to shape American, but there are still arguments about the role of the national government vs. the state. From the start, framers of the constitution wanted to choose a system of government that would be strong from a national point of view and show that the states existed. They knew a strong central government once resulted in the revolution for self-government, and that a strong state government was too weak for national problems based on the articles of confederation. Therefore, the only system capable of equaling government powers out would be the federal system. The federal system creates a separation/division of powers in order to prevent tyranny or abuse from a one sided government.
Based upon the U.S Constitution the original design of federalism revolved around three things. The first was to have powers expressly delegated (granted) to the national government and any powers not delegated were to be denied. There are three types of delegated power, Expressed, Implied, and Inherited power. Expressed are powers specifically granted, implied are powers not listed but suggested by the necessary and proper clause, and inherited powers exist because the U.S is a sovereign nation. The second thing that originally defined federalism was that concurrent powers were to be shared between the state and national government. The third significant thing was that all states have reserved powers that are carried out by state and local governments. The Reserved Powers have been explained by the tenth amendment. “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively or to the people”(10th Amendment). Although, Federalism was originally design to be a certain way, over time this system begin to change.
The early stages of federalism were known for being state centered. For example, the issues on slavery were decided by the state government. Even after fighting a civil war, the states still enforced move power than the national government. The system became known as dual federalism because the state and national governments had clear powers from start to finish. The system made it look as if the governments were a layered cake, being stacked up. It wasn’t until 1913, when the distinction between...

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