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The Static Character In Homer’s Odyssey

1005 words - 4 pages

The Static Character in Homer’s Odyssey

The Odyssey, by Homer, translated by W.H.D. Rouse (between 900 and 700 BC.) is "The best story ever written" (7). This is a story about a man named Odysseus Laertiades who went off to war. After winning the war, he and his men were heading home when their ship got off track. They ended up in the land of the Cyclops. They were held captive by a god's, Poseidon Earthholder, son. Odysseus came up with a plan to get out of there which involved poking the Cyclops' eye out. The Earthholder got mad and vowed Odysseus and his men would not make it back home to Ithaca. If Odysseus was to make it home, he was to arrive "There late and in misery, in another man's ship, ' lose all his companions, and ' find tribulation at home" (111). With the help of the gods, Odysseus finally does make it home, late, alone, and on another man's ship. He arrives there to find trouble in his house. In The Odyssey, the main character, Odysseus Laertiades is a static character; he doesn't change throughout the book. Yet Homer still retains the readers interests by the situations Odysseus finds himself in, how he always finds a unique way out, and how he triumphs in the end.

Odysseus finds himself in many strange and difficult situations. One of the strange and difficult situations Odysseus finds himself at is the land of the Cyclops. Odysseus had taken twelve of his men to explore the island. They found a cave and decide to stay there until the Cyclops who lived there returned. The Cyclops returned and "Picked up a huge great stone and placed it in the doorway," so the men couldn?t escape (104). "The cruel monster? reached out toward my men, grabbed two like a pair of puppies and dashed them on the ground?. Then he cut them up limb by limb, and made them ready for supper" (105-106). Instead of greeting his company, the Cyclops started eating them two at a time. The Cyclops did this two more times before Odysseus came up with a plan to escape.

Next, they reached a place called Aiaia. Odysseus and his men decided to separate into two groups to explore the island. The group without Odysseus found the hut where Circe, "A terrible goddess" lived (115). All of the men, except Eurylochos, entered the house, "For he expected a trap" (117). Circe gave the men some wine, "But she put dangerous drugs in the mess, to make them wholly forget their native land. When they had swallowed it, she gave them a tap of her wand at once and herded them into pens; for they now had pigs? heads and grunts and bristles" (117). She had turned them into pigs. At this place the goddess, Circe, who lived there turned half of the men into pigs. Eurylochos went and told Odysseus, who vowed to go save the men.

The final strange and difficult situation Odysseus finds...

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