The Stop And Frisk Policy Analysis

1498 words - 6 pages

Eighty-seven percent of stops in 2012, were Black and Hispanic people. Compare that percentage to the amount of water on Earth, only seventy percent. Now, imagine eighty-seven percent water covering the Earth. That would make the world unbalanced and difficult to live in, which is how life is for the minorities impacted by Stop and Frisk. One of the most debated and controversial topics in New York City is the Stop and Frisk policy, and the impact it has on police, Latinos, and African Americans. Stop and Frisk fails to promote justice and equitable society because it creates a society where one group is lesser than another. The Stop and Frisk policy was created in Ohio, 1968, because of the a Supreme Court case, Terry v. Ohio (US Courts). The Stop and Frisk policy was already being acted out by police officers before this court case but it helped determine when a stop and search is constitutional based on the Fourth Amendment, “Under [the] Fourth Amendment case law, a constitutional Search and Seizure must be based on Probable Cause” (US Courts). In Terry v. Ohio an officer dressed in plain clothes stopped three men who looked like they were preparing to rob a store. The officer asked them what they were doing and wasn’t happy with their response which resulted in him frisking one of the men. This man ended up having an unlicensed gun. So, Terry took the state of Ohio to court because he believed his Fourth Amendment was violated, he lost because the court ruled that the officer’s intentions were to prevent a crime. Stop and Frisk negatively impacts Black and Latinos in New York City, because it promotes institutional racism which then leads to negative psychological damages on these victimized minorities.
Stop and Frisk uses the police to promote institutional racism, which negatively
impacts Black and Latino people. “Institutional racism includes policies, practices, and
procedures of institutions that have a disproportionately negative effect on racial
minorities’ access to and quality of… services, goods and opportunities (Randal). Stop
and Frisk does not give the Latino and Black communities equal access to the safety and
protection the police provide because they are the ones constantly being hunted. This is
one way that Stop and Frisk promotes institutional racism. This is also psychologically
damaging to victims of Stop and Frisk because makes them feel unprotected and unsafe
(CCR 8). Stop and Frisk was not created to be racist but, “An institution may not set out to
discriminate but through its’ rules, it may have this effect” (Chakraborty). The people
who made the policy and who are enforcing the policy, Stop and Frisk, didn’t intend to
single out minorities but that is the end result. Feeling like a policy is created specifically
to attack a certain group based on race gives a feeling like the world and government is
against them (Glover). Institutional racism is also apparent when people acting on the
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