The Strengths and Weaknesses of Augustine’s and Ireneau's Theodicy
‘Evil did not come from God, since God’s creation was faultless and
perfect’ (St Augustine)
St Augustine was a man wrote a theodicy about the problem of evil and
suffering based on the Creation and Fall of Genesis in the bible, he
believed that evil was caused by something that was outside the
omnipotence of God. God himself is all powerful but after creating the
world, he Himself would not be able to control the actions that human
beings create in changing it. When God created the world, with
absolutely no evil and suffering, he saw what he had done and saw it
was all good.
God did not deprivate the world from having evil and suffering and he
has no reason to have any blame for it as God created the world with
nothing bad inside it. Evil is not a substance that could have been
created by God, therefore he cannot be responsible for it. I think
that this was a weak point in Augustine’s theodicy because he cannot
truthfully call evil a substance as humans do not know how much more
God could have done to create the world.
Human beings have chosen to make the world an evil place, they have
turned away from God and what he has created to make other beings
suffer. God did not put wars onto the world, human beings caused them
to happen over being greedy and selfish. Other humans want what other
humans have because of jealousy. For example; Why take a innocent
persons life just for the sake of it in less economically developed
countries? Is it just for the pleasure or fun of it? God left the
world in the hands of angels and human beings and they have just
abused Gods trust and his gift of freedom to them.
Augustine had a strong point that angels and humans have created the
evil and suffering in the world because they themselves had the free
will and freedom to take the matters of the earth into their own
hands. God cannot control what happens in the world after he had
finished creating such thing, so he cannot get blamed for the
tragedies and bad events that happen. God did not want evil he wanted
humans and angels to enjoy the world the way that he created it to be.
Evil is said to have come from the off spring of Adam, who was the
first human on earth. Augustine wrote that Satan, a fallen angel, had
tempted Adam and Eve with the power and free will of the earth when
God had completed the creation of it. This temptation was proved to
much for Adam and Eve who wanted to have power over the earth, this
was one of the starter points for evil.
In the bible there is said to have been an angel called Lucifer, this
angel was among the other angels. He was the ‘Lord of Light’. However,
he turned to evil and fell in to the darkness. This darkness is said
to have evolved Lucifer in to Satan. Satan lives in hell,...