The Structure Of The Personality Essay

2007 words - 8 pages

The structure of the personality in psychoanalytic theory is threefold. Freud divided it into the id, the ego and the superego. Only the ego is visible, or on the surface one may say, while the id and the superego remain 'hidden,' below the surface of what we show of our personalities to others, but each has its own effects on the personality nonetheless. This essay seeks to explore these three layers of personality and how they work with one another."In Freud's structural hypothesis, the id is generally recognised as the psychic representative of the drives." (Berger 1995 p.106) The id represents biological forces and is always present in the personality. The id is governed by the 'pleasure principle,' or notion of hedonism (seeking of pleasure). Early in the development of his theory Freud saw sexual energy, or the libido or the life instinct, as the only source of energy for the id. It was this notion that gave rise to the popular conception that psychoanalysis is all about sex. After the carnage of World War I, however, Freud felt it necessary to add another instinct, or source of energy to the id. So, he proposed 'Thanatos,' the death instinct. Thanatos accounts for the instinctual violent urges of humankind. Obviously the rest of the personality would have somehow to deal with these two instincts. It is interesting to note how Hollywood has capitalised on the id, box office success is highly correlated with movies that stress sex, violence, or both."We can come nearer to the id with images, and call it chaos, a cauldron ofseething excitement. We suppose that it is somewhere in direct contactwith somatic processes, takes over from their instinctual needs and givesthem mental representation. These instincts fill it with energy, but it hasno organisation and no unified will, only an impulsion to obtain satisfactionfor the instinctual needs, in accordance with the pleasure principle." (Hinsie & Campbell, 1970 cited in Berger 1995 p. 106)The id is a source of energy and should not be retained too much, but at the same time we must contain it, otherwise its' force and desire for pleasure shall dominate our lives, inhibiting our life progress; our lives would be dominated by impulses. The id knows no values, no good or evil, no morality. The quantitative factor, which is so closely bound up with the pleasure principle, dominates all its processes. We view the id as containing instinctual cathexes seeking discharge. According to Freud, the id constitutes the total psychic apparatus of the newborn; the psychic later splits into three parts adding an ego and superego. Although this view that the psyche is all id at birth has been criticised, what is generally held is that the id precedes the development of the ego and the superego.The ego is thought to start functioning early in life, around the age of five or six months old and is concerned with the environment. This is because the ego is involved in making sure that the id secures its'...

Find Another Essay On The structure of the personality

The Personality of Scrooge Essay

1423 words - 6 pages make changes in their lives whenever they really want to, even right up to the end." In this essay I am going to distinguish the personality of Scrooge also show you how he was at the beginning of the novella in the 1st Stave to how he changes at the end in the 5th Stave. The title to the novella 'A Christmas Carol' this suggests that the story will be a joyful Christian message. 'Christmas' is a time for celebration and togetherness. It is

The Structure of the Universe Essay

2265 words - 9 pages The way in which we currently view the structure of the universe has been developed throughout centuries by various astronomers whose predictions and observations have all aided in the development of this model. Aristotle based his model of the universe on Pythagorean theory which described the Earth as a sphere. His claims of a round Earth were reinforced by three observations. The first of these was that all Earthly matter moved towards the

The Trait Theory of Personality

2311 words - 9 pages structure of the FFM demonstrates cross-cultural consistency, factor meanings will still differ between cultures. The importance of trait theory within the field of psychology is abundantly clear for a better understanding into the complex structure of human personality. Allport’s contribution towards trait theory was a catalyst towards a future of discovery and an inspiration for others. Factor analysis has been largely developed overtime since

Solving the Structure of DNA

945 words - 4 pages The Double Helix by James Watson is his personal reflection on discovering the structure of the DNA molecule. With contributions of other scientists, James Watson and Francis Crick were able to solve the structure of DNA. Through contributions and integral relationships of Watson and Crick to Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin, Linus Pauling, and other smaller contributors the DNA structure was finally solved. The first and primary contribution

The Validity Of Personality Tests

630 words - 3 pages The Validity of Personality TestsWhen looking online for a personality test, I came across one in which the test itself suited my character. It was titled, "Which Cartoon Character Are You?" The test was structured efficiently and humorously just as is my approach to most aspects of my life. The test consists of multiple choice questions with answers that are each given different values unbeknownst to the subject. When the subject finishes, the

The Burden of Personality Disorders

780 words - 4 pages Dylan both suffered from personality disorders and their actions were a result of what happens when serve personality disorders go unnoticed. There are many forms of personality disorders, including: Paranoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. In Columbine both Dylan and Eric show signs of paranoid, schizotypal, and antisocial personality disorders. Some of the symptoms of paraniod

The organization structure of NJIT

1040 words - 4 pages Question 1: Using NJIT as an example, explain how its organizational structure influences how work is organized, how people and groups communicate, and how decisions are made? Before explaining how the organizational structure of NJIT influences the organization of work, communication and decisions, it is essential to understand how the NJIT is structured. Organization structure of NJIT The organization structure of NJIT is complex and highly

The Importance of Organizational Structure

2446 words - 10 pages : work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, and formalization. The right organizational structure would allow their employees to accomplish organizational goals effectively and efficiently.The environment in which an organization operates holds significant bearing on its structure. Keep in mind that organizational structure only provides a fundamental framework. Consequently

The Structure of Lipid A

633 words - 3 pages structure compared with the rest of the molecule (Petsch and Anspach., 2000). Bacteria lacking lipid A are not known (Perola et al., 2007). LPS containing a lipid A and Kdo, a unique sugar along with a substituent with negative charge is the smallest known structure necessary for the growth and survival of Gram-negative bacteria (Helander et al., 1988). Most usually the structure of this hydrophobic portion of LPS molecule is fairly well

The Role of Paradoxical Structure

1579 words - 6 pages structure in which they coexist while Johnson formulates her position through the use of apostrophe to show the polar positions of abortion as it pertains to rights and power. Their use of paradox highlights the construction of their arguments while showcasing their ideas by comparing them to the extreme critiques at their respective poles, thus allowing them to play off the poles without having to toe the same lines. Michael Foucault

The Structure of an Airplane

1956 words - 8 pages The Structure of an Airplane The idea of flight has fascinated people for centuries, even to this day, which is why I decided to research on airplanes. When I researched the history on planes, I was surprised at the effort and the time people long ago spent trying to make a machine that flies. I also wondered, like many, how an airplane is able to fly and sustain in the air. Wanting to know the answers to these types of questions I

Similar Essays

Structure And Functioning Of The Personality In Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory

2499 words - 10 pages Structure and Functioning of the Personality in Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, as the creator of psychoanalytic theory, has begun his career as a neurologist, treating patients with hypnosis to cure hysteria. Because it had almost no affect on curing the patient, he discovered the method of free association, in which patients say whatever comes to their mind. By listening and noticing what patients were

The Explorations Of Structure Essay

1642 words - 7 pages . This mindset is what inspired cinematic innovation within the post-war period— art movements such as the French New Wave and Italian neo-realism emerged. Filmmakers like Jean-Luc Godard rejected the traditional conventions of cinematography, editing and structure and chose to create their own. Rooted in the Italian Neo-Realism movement in the fifties, Italian filmmaker Federico Fellini rejected the idea of realist films and sought to explore

The Structure Of Memory Essay

1799 words - 7 pages Introduction Prior research into the structure of memory have suggested that memory is comprised up from three separate stores each performing a specific and relatively inflexible function (in Passer, Smith, Holt, Bremner, Sutherland, & Vliek, 2009). That is the multi-store model, developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968 in Passer et al., 2009) who claim a sensory memory store, short-term memory store (STM) and a long-term memory store (LTM

The Personality Of Othello Essay

1026 words - 4 pages The Personality of Othello     Othello’s speech to Brabantio and the Duke in Act 1, Scene 3 is of major importance in describing Othello’s personality. This long speech, found in lines 149 to 196, shows Othello for the first time as a person with depth and less as a soldier. This speech is important to the book as a whole because it is a testimony to the strength of the love between Othello and Desdemona, which will later play a major role