The struggle for nuclear power has been a problem since the dawn of the nuclear age. Governments continue to use the threat of a nuclear attack as a deterrent. However, small terrorist groups may not feel threatened by a nuclear attack due to their mobility. Thus, the question remains; are nuclear weapons a necessary safety, or a danger. The solution is therefore to observe the pros and cons of nuclear capabilities, and to look at some precautions that can be taken to help protect people.
The benefits of having nuclear weapons may not be quite as obvious as some of the downfalls of having such capabilities. The entire purpose of nuclear weapons is to act as a deterrent--the countries possess these weapons but hope to never have to use them. Even though the usefulness of a nuclear deterrent is usually only considered in the scenario of negotiations between countries with second-strike capabilities, multiple studies show that the possession of only a few nuclear weapons could help deter even a country with second-strike capabilities from doing something against the wishes of the smaller country.
The general logic behind nuclear deterrence is that the guarantee of either mutual destruction or a high level of damage can help keep adversaries from trying to intimidate a country on important issues. Even though critics have challenged the logic, it is generally applicable (Sobek 150). This means that countries can make decisions without the looming threat of an attack from another country. Nuclear weapons act as a deterrent, because even the thought of having a single nuclear weapon used against them keeps an adversary from thinking about intimidating other countries. This benefit allows for a more just and uniform platform for societies to govern and make choices. Another benefit of nuclear weapons is that the technology can be used to deal with the energy crisis. For example, the rise of the cost of uranium oxide since the early 2000’s gives Australia, a country that relies on export to support its economy, the desire to export it. Regardless of our individual opinion on climate change, governments around the world are trying to answer the public demand to lower carbon emissions. The world is looking for a secure source of energy that is not as dependent on fossil fuels, and nuclear power seems to be a fairly carbon-neutral source of energy. Recent surveys showed that the number of Australians in favor of expanding internal nuclear power had a slight majority against those who did not. While in South Australia and the Northern Territory most people support exporting uranium to China. In mid 2006, John Howard, received a lot of publicity for declaring that in the 21st century, Australia could be a major energy contributor due to its plentiful uranium resources. Australia contains forty percent of the known uranium reserves in the world, and this suggestion may not be quite so outrageous if this development of nuclear power happens as...