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The Struggle For Racial Desegregation Essay

1398 words - 6 pages

The Brown v. Board ruling declared segregation in schools as unconstitutional and
therefore encouraging integration. Many people thought this as a turning point and the
start of a social revolution that will change the way white-Americans perceived African-
Americans. However, there was a belief that, although positive, the ruling did not do
enough to implement the actual change. One can even argue that the ruling increased
white opposition, which slowed the progress of Civil Rights. Overall, however, the
positive nature of the ruling outweighed the negatives, with the psychological outcome
and legal support from the court being most essential.
Even after the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 that provided
"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof
the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any
place subject to their jurisdiction." (Janda p 437), the local and District courts worked
tirelessly to weaken those rights by not honoring the Bill of Rights among other things.
Racial discrimination continued to occur mostly in southern states and the judiciary
being the weakest branch in the Nation, believed “that there are inherent differences
among the races that determine people's achievement and that one's own race is
superior to, and thus has a right to dominate the others." (Janda p 439). According to
Jim Crow laws, a black and white person was supposed to live separately and black
people were restricted from various places in hospitals, schools and public places.
Black people were often made aware they are inferior unlike the white who were
thought to be superior in the society. However, segregation in schools changed after
the Brown v. Board of education case which lasted over twenty years after careful
planning and being investigated by the National Association for the Advanced of
Colored People(NAACP) (Janda p 441).
Brown v. Board of Education was the name given to five individual cases that
reached the U.S. Supreme Court involving the controversy of segregation in public
schools. “These cases were Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot,
Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County (VA.), Boiling v. Sharpe, and
Gebhart v. Ethel”. While the certainty of each case varies, the major concern in each
was the “constitutionality of state-backing segregation in public schools”. The plaintiffs
had earlier lost the case when three judges at the U.S District Court ruled the case in
favor of the school board of education, they then made an appeal. Thurgood Marshall
and the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund handled these cases.(United
States courts)
Brown v. board of Education got to the Supreme Court toward the end of 1951, but
it was delayed by the justices based on delicate race issues. The case resumed in
1952, and all five cases were combined together under the name of Brown v. Board of

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