History has it that Constantine, the first Christian Caesar (one of the most talented, vigorous, and triumphant Roman emperors), who established the Constantinople and the Byzantine empire, was the first Roman Emperors to impose the idea of a Christian theocracy, a system of policy which assumes all subjects to be Christians, thereby merging civil and religious rights. He was the Constantine at that time saw Christianity as the only weapon strong enough to wipe out the high rate of idolatry that swept across the Roman empire. His monarchical regime held in high regard the Catholic unity. He was in close contact with the bishops in the year 313, thereby making peace and harmony his topmost priority in the Donatist and Arian disagreements.
The devout pilgrimages of Helena, the fanatical Aranism of Constantia etc proved that Constantine had his entire family very much bought into his idea of the religious sentiments. Even though Christianity at the initials was adopted with infused superstition till it finally disappeared. Constantine was more interested in promoting the outward front of Christianity as a social structure than an inward mission causing transformation.
After the death of Constantine, his sons did not fully follow the footsteps of their Father (even with their Christian education) in keeping the
Christianity of the 4th - 6th centuries was engulfed in the monastic spirit giving high credence to poverty, voluntary celibacy, total obedience and excessive self-punishments of the pillars of the saints and martyrs of the desert. More flamboyant life styles were seen as a low degree of morality as against the prevailing corrupt social situation of the continuous decaying Roman Empire.
Emperor Julian’s Attack on Christianity
The fight against Christians and Christianity has been a long fight. Julian the Emperor that took over many years after Constantine (who was the first to formally initiate and inculcate Christianity into his reign as Emperor). Julian was the last to directly and methodically launch an attack the Christians and their way of worship. He could not properly comprehend the fundamentals of sin, redemption humility and love because he weighed them from the standard of a natural man. Circular achievements outshined the side of spirituality. This made him to write a work against Christians during his winter evenings at Antioch in 363. In his writing, Christians were comparable to Leeches which he said draw up contaminated blood leaving the uncontaminated blood. By this he meant that all the miracles that Jesus who he referred to as “the dead Jew” was not in any way remarkable in all his lifetime, comparing him to heroes of the heathen gods. He saw something wrong in the Mosaic account of the creation of the universe in comparison to the Platonic. Julian the emperor thought that the Bible was far inferior to Helllenic literature and therefore made it made slaves of men while the study of the...