Children with Down syndrome have a hard time in life. The effects on them, makes their life a struggle. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality and probably the most common genetic condition, occurs in about one in every eight hundred to one thousand live births or accounts for about 5 to 6 per cent of intellectual retardation. Down mainly affects their learning, social, walking, talking, dressing themselves and being toilet trained and behavior.
Initially, Down's syndrome was given the label of Mongolism due to the characteristics of it. A student with Down's Syndrome is usually quite recognizable due to characteristics like a smaller overall stature, flat face looking, thick folds in the corners of their eyes, protruding tongues which is because to their smaller oral cavity and muscle hypertonia.
According to the Down's syndrome Association, vision and hearing issues present a lot in children with Down syndrome. Vision issues, like near- and far-sightedness, are common, but can usually be fixed with glasses. Worse issues, such as congenital cataracts that are seen a lot in Down syndrome children, can sometimes be fixed with surgery.
Most students with Down's syndrome are between the mild to moderate range of mental retardation. Children with Down syndrome usually learn and progress more slowly than most other children. However, not all areas of development are equally affected. There is a specific pattern behavioral features that are observed among children with Down syndrome that differs from that seen in typically developing children and children with other causes of mind disability. Some refer to this pattern of characteristic strengths and weaknesses as a ‘developmental profile’. By understanding how development and learning differs for children with Down syndrome we can devise more effective teaching approaches and therapies. Short attention spans are also prevalent among students with Down syndrome.
Down students all suffer from serious problems such as hearing problems and articulation problems. Sometimes they will require language sessions and a lot of direct instruction.
Social development includes interactive skills with other children and adults, social understanding and, friendships, play and valuable skills, personal and social independence and...