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The Study Of Crimonology Essay

1000 words - 4 pages

Criminology is the study of lawmaking, lawbreaking, and reactions to crime. There are two parts that when combined make up the definition of criminology. The first part is lawmaking which is primarily influenced by society, our culture, and our leaders. When making laws, you must first decide if the act is criminal or not. For example, we know that murder, robbery, and rape are morally wrong, but we still must have laws against these acts to try and keep them from occurring. The second part of the definition of criminology is the study of lawbreaking. The main question that criminologists want to know is how and what drives people to commit crime. This includes everything from shoplifting to mass murders. The offender knows it is wrong but commit's the crime anyway, even though they are aware of the consequences. Criminologists have listed several factors that may give some insight on the types of people who commit crimes. Some examples are family relationships, peers, neighborhoods, social class, gender, race, and employment status. Another major area of criminology is the study of the reactions to crime. This basically means how or what our state and federal government is going to deal with the offenders. The more violent the crime, the harder the punishment will be. What all this boils down to is that crime is a human act that violates the criminal law that our government, and our society has included as being criminal. Anyone who breaks the law will be labeled as a criminal. A criminal is a person whose actions have violated the criminal law. We focus mainly on what crime is and the study of criminal behavior, but we must also remember that when a crime is committed, there is always a victim. The victims of the crime are almost always put on the back burner. They hardly ever know if the offender is captured, what leads the police may have, or if they are trying to do anything to find out who has wronged them. For years, victims have been victimized twice, first by the criminal and then by the criminal justice system that has sworn to protect them and uphold the law. But this has changed in recent years thanks to special programs created by state and local governments to help crime victims cope with the knowledge of being victimized. As of April, 2000, thirty-three states now have constitutional amendments thatWorthington 2list victims' rights. Some of these rights include the right of the victim to know when theiroffender has been released from an institution. They also have the right to attend and be heard at any significant criminal justice proceedings. These amendments also require the victims to be treated with fairness, dignity, and respect.American public policy on criminal matters is dominated by the crime control module. The government spends more money to catch and prosecute criminals rather than to prevent crime in the first place or to ensure that the rights of the...

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