“The study of leadership rivals in age the emergence of civilization, which shaped its leaders as much as it was shaped by them. From its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders- what they did and why they did it.”
“..the transformational leader articulates the vision in a clear and appealing manner, explains how to attain the vision, acts confidently and optimistically, expresses confidence in the followers, emphasizes values with symbolic actions, leads by example, and empowers followers to achieve the vision (Yukl, 2002)
Yukl, G. (2002), Leadership in Organizations, 5th ed., Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, .
Leadership is a topic of great importance not only in military or organisational settings but all most in all settings which involves people. It’s a universal activity evident in humankind (Bass,1990). It is a wide and diverse field of knowledge. Leaders are individuals who help their followers or subordinates to carry out a particular task in an efficient and an effective manner. Researches on the topic of leaders and leadership have been taking place for past many decades. One of the more recent styles of leadership which has been considered to be very effective is the transformational leadership. It’s a concept explained by James McGregor Burns in 1978 who was influenced by the work of German sociologist Max Weber. The concept was then further refined and developed by Bernard.M.Bass. The whole concept of transformational leadership talks about how leaders can transform their followers into doing a task better than what is expected from them and how it can help in the betterment of the organisation and the followers. The purpose of this essay is to explain the theory of transformational leadership in detail and critically evaluate its effectiveness in the organisation.
One of the current approaches to leadership that has been the focus of much research since the early 1980s in the transformational approach (Northouse,2007). The term transformational leadership was first coined by Downton(1973) in his book Rebel Leadership but its emergence as an important leadership approach was only after the work of the political sociologist James McGregor. In his book Leadership(1978), he attempted to link the roles of leadership and followership. He also distinguished leadership into transformational leadership and transactional leadership. According to Burns(1978), transactional leaders are those who work on the exchange principle and transforming leaders are those who engage with the followers and raise their motivation and morality to perform better than their expectations.
Bass’ model of Transformational leadership:
Bass who was already working in the field of leadership, provided a more expanded and refined version of transformational leadership in 1985 which was based on the work of Burns. In his approach...