The Study Of Modernism And Globalization

1988 words - 8 pages

Many authors have tried to understand the world as it is today, through the study of modernity and globalisation. Appadurai, an Indian sociologist, has defined globalisation as “a new industrial revolution driven by powerful information and communication technologies which has barely begun” (2006:35). Its effects are dramatically different depending on geopolitical situations, peoples and countries. For the wealthiest countries it is a source of an ever increasing profit, whether it is culturally, economically, or financially speaking. On the contrary, for the rest of the world, and interestingly enough the largest part of it, “it is a source of worry about inclusion, jobs, and deeper marginalisation” (2006:35) and through this feeling of marginalisation is the great fear of being excluded from History itself. Globalisation has begun to exacerbate the differences between rich and poor, developed and less developed countries, while blurring geographical borders. Along with the study of modernism and globalisation, some theorists have raised the question of the new forms of modern violence and its plausible relation to modernity and globalisation.

In Fear of Small Numbers: An Essay on the Geography of Anger (2006), Arjun Appadurai presents a number of key explanations as to how high-scale violence has increased in a global world, based on cultural motives, considering that “leaky financial frontiers, mobile identities, and fast moving technologies of communication and transaction together produce debates, both within and across national boundaries that hold new potentials for violence” (2006:37)
The author offers a range of explanations as to the appearance of new, modern forms of violence. The main difference with violence from the previous times is its global aspect, the fact that it is happening because of cultural, political and economic changes due to globalization. The world as it is today is “articulated differently by states and by media in different national and regional contexts, in which fear often appears to be the source and ground for extensive campaigns of group violence, ranging from riots to extended pogroms” (2006:1). Organised violence against women, famous in many Islamic fundamentalist countries, but often ignored in Western countries, is a worldwide spread practice. Child labour keeps on being a very common habit in places such as Africa or China, but it is nothing compared to the highly deadly use of youth armies and gangs, initiating some population to violence from a very early age, thereby establishing violence as part of people’s customs and habits. Violence towards the poor happens all around the world, along with displacements of populations in extreme situations leading to many deaths, or the clearance of slums in the process of cleaning and modernising cities to follow the course of globalisation. There are forms of violence triggered by our modern way of living such as police violence, job losses, and many more...

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