This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Successes And Failures Of The Zapatista Movement

1991 words - 8 pages

The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement

On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. Thus, it seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. While the EZLN has been able to establish thirty eight autonomous indigenous communities in Chiapas, it has failed to weaken the Mexican government's commitment to neo-liberal economic policies. In the following pages, we will explore those factors which enabled the Zapatistas to establish regions of autonomy and extrapolate from Theotonio Dos Santos' understanding of the effects of reliance on foreign capital and Nora Hamilton's analysis of the 'limits to state autonomy' to rationalize the failure of the Zapatista's broader vision of social justice.

In a letter to President Zedillo in 1994, Subcomandante Marcos of the EZLN demanded ?democracy, liberty and justice? for all Mexicans. These nationalist ideals were supplemented by practical demands to meet the needs of the impoverished and exploited indigenous peoples of Mexico. In 1993, the EZLN promoted an indigenous struggle

?for work, land, housing, food, health care, education, independence, freedom, democracy, justice and peace. We declare that we will not stop fighting until the basic demands of our people have been met by forming a government of our country that is free and democratic.?

By the late nineties, the struggle for indigenous autonomy had become ?the central basis of the Zapatista movement.?

Since 1994, the Zapatistas have made significant gains towards autonomy, health, and education within Chiapas. By December, 2003, the EZLN had established 38 autonomous municipalities which ?have constructed a series of schools, clinics and co-ops that fill the openings created by the rebels? refusal to take money from the mal gobierno (bad government).? In addition, the Zapatistas have created five organizational centers (caracoles) and established Juntas of Good Government in each of them in order to ?resolve conflicts and disequilibrium between the centers and the outlying autonomies.? The caracoles mark the EZLN?s first success with regional, as opposed to municipal, autonomy. These Zapatista achievements can be attributed to the local terrain of Chiapas, restrictive legislation, and local and national scrutiny.
The Mexican government has faced legal and practical restraints on launching an all-out war on the Zapatistas. The first government counter-attacks encountered tactical difficulties in the jungles of Chiapas and the army failed to score a quick military victory. In 1995, the federal congress passed a ?law for dialogue,? which foreclosed the option of a unilateral show of force by the Mexican army in areas under Zapatista control. This legislation...

Find Another Essay On The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement

The Successes and Failures of the New Deal

1446 words - 6 pages In the 1920s, the economy of the United States was attaining new heights of prosperity as it emerged from World War I as a creditor nation with productivity and economic growth (Biles 5). During this time, speculation caused many to buy stocks with loaned money, and they used these stocks as collateral for buying more stocks. Loans from broker's went from under five million in mid 1928 to $850 million in 1929 ("Causes"). Because the stock market

The Successes and Failures leading to the collapse of The Wiemar Republic

2132 words - 9 pages once Hohenzollern Monarchy and a rise in the practical ideology of Democracy. Historians discuss that the Weimar Republic as a Democracy proved a significant rather valuable subject of the Weimer Republic; its many successes however, mirrored the failures leading to its collapse to the Extreme-Right wing party Leader - Hitler - after the great depression. The many attempts to overthrow the Weimer Government where agreed to be a result of the much

Discuss the successes and failures of the Weimar republic from 1919 to 1929

2051 words - 8 pages The Weimar republic from 1919 to 1929 had many successes and failures, starting in chaos and ending in relative stability. However, due to individual perspective these successes and failures were often viewed as both successes and failures- not either. Class, political leanings and other moralistic beliefs, primarily influenced the individual's perspectives. Overall, due to the relative stability, (the aim of any government) primarily achieved

The Successes and Failures of Mussolini's Domestic Policies in Italy Between 1922 and 1939

1606 words - 6 pages The Successes and Failures of Mussolini's Domestic Policies in Italy Between 1922 and 1939 Similar to those of Hitler, Mussolini’s main goals were to create an Italian state with a strong identity and role within Europe with a powerful military force. From the day he became Prime Minister on October 29th, 1922 of a coalition government, he lacked a certain skill in organization. It was not quite clear what exactly

Evaluate the Successes and Failures of One Single Party State.(Stalin's USSR)

1353 words - 5 pages Having reached the pinnacle of power in 1929, Stalin attacked the primary problems facing Russia, which broadly fell under the economic, political and social, and the foreign respective categories. Success can be defined as the positive externalities brought about to the people and country. Where as failure being the lack of such. In my essay I will be using this definition to determine the successes and failures in the respective categories

Successes and Failures of Patriarchy in Colonialism

3256 words - 13 pages treatment of Miranda. A post 1900’s audience would have been influenced by recent revolutions, such as the Suffragette movement, calling for woman’s rights. A Jacobean audience would have been satisfied with the tactics used, due to their strict adherence to the Divine Right of Kings and the Great Chain of Being, detailing men as to do anything to keep women in line. Despite Prospero’s chauvinistic treatment of Miranda, and although a post-colonial

Essay Plan - Compare and contrast the successes and failures of the domestic policies of Diefenbaker and Pearson

851 words - 4 pages Essay Plan - Compare and contrast the successes and failures of the domestic policies of Diefenbaker and Pearson John George Diefenbaker and Lester Bowles Pearson both acted as Prime Minister of Canada during the Cold War. The two were from different Canadian political parties that accorded to their beliefs and principles, Diefenbaker being a Progressive Conservative party member and Pearson a Liberal. Diefenbaker was leaning left as a

Successes and Failures

781 words - 4 pages In my opinion, success and failure depend on whether you have given your best shot. Even though trying does not guarantee a good outcome, it is always worth the try. If a person does not take the first step to get out of his comfort zone, how can he ever improve himself from where he began with? However, I am a very shy and really lazy with reading news or books. Moreover, in my living area, there are more people to speak Chinese rather than

Detail the factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59 and evaluate the successes and failures of the subsequent communist government

1890 words - 8 pages Detail the factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59 and evaluate the successes and failures of the subsequent communist government.The first part of this essay will explore and analyze the many factors that brought about the Cuban revolution of 1958/59.These factors stretch back to when Colon first landed in Cuba in 1942.Cuba's location in the Carribean has always been the key aspect which foreign powers have most wanted the

Assess Heath's Successes and Failures

1169 words - 5 pages that conservative nor labour were able to deal with the devaluation of the pound effectively. Therefore, Heath’s government had more failures than successes because the economy was still an issue and with Wilson being able to come back to power so quickly after Heath- it demonstrates that Heath’s government had won unexpectedly while Wilson would work on coming back to gain more support which he did in the February 1974 election.

Critically analyze some of the successes and failures of the mission (What led to the interventions and how successful were they?

1922 words - 8 pages . The military intervention into Libya is said to use “ all necessary measures" to stop bloodthirsty attacks of Gaddafi and protect civilians. They had limited successes in terms of putting an end to Gaddafi’s government. However, the UN intervention in Libya has raised an amount of controversy . This essay tends to examine main reasons of the interference of the U.S and its allies into Libya and explicate the main successes and failures of this

Similar Essays

The Successes And Failures Of Personalized Medicine

870 words - 4 pages against all cancers. The B-RAF mutation is extremely common in 50% of patients with melanoma as well as other types of cancers, including thyroid, colorectal, ovarian, breast and lung (Harmon 2010a). The B-RAF inhibitor is being tested for in humans to determine if this molecule can block the effects of the mutated gene to stop the progress of melanoma cancer (Harmon 2010a). The clinical trial faced successes and failures. In this particular case

The Successes And Failures Of Reconstruction

759 words - 4 pages we continue to rebuild our country. Readmission to the union was a dividing factor between Republicans in politics. Lincoln advocated for the "Ten Percent Plan". This demanded that only ten percent of voters in a state take an oath to uphold the values presented in the constitution in order to rejoin the union. Lincoln would then pardon all but Confederate government figures and rights of citizenship would be readmitted. Radical Republicans

The Successes And Failures Of The League Of Nations

1562 words - 6 pages In the 1920s, the League of Nations achieved some significant successes involving the international community. One of the main achievements was making agreements that were designed to solve international conflict and sustain global peace. The League managed to solve disputes over the Upper Silesia, Aaland Islands, Bulgaria, and other small nations. It also addressed the issues of health, transport, refugees, working conditions and other social

Local Successes And National Failures Of The Ezln Today

1242 words - 5 pages Local Successes and National Failures of the EZLN Today On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. It seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. The success of the establishment of thirty eight