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The Sultanate Of Oman On Energy Sources

1416 words - 6 pages

Most of the energy in the world that has been consumed so far is conventional energy, which is Oil, Gas, and Coal etc...
In this report I haven’t gathered information from all different sources to answer a few questions about The Sultanate of Oman, and the conventional energy utilization in the country. The questions go as following:
Q1:
Discuss and write about the conventional sources of energy that is widely utilized in Oman and provide examples with statistics.

Q2:
Find out and discuss the environmental impact in Oman because of using the conventional sources of energy.

Q3:
Discuss and critically analyze the current and future applications of renewable energy in Oman and provide relevant examples.

Answers:

Q1:
The geographical nature of Oman is filled with conventional energy sources such as: Coal, Natural gas and Oil. The natural gas and oil are the most utilized conventional energy sources in Oman. The Sultanate of Oman has been extracting oil since the 1960s, which makes it a highly reliable energy source in the country. Revenues from oil and natural gas accounted for approximately 40% of Oman's gross domestic product in 2012 and it probably keeps on increasing. In the Middle East, Oman is considered to be the largest oil producer that is not a member of the OPEC group (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries), therefore all oil exports revenues goes directly to the country’s budget.
The petroleum consumption of Oman has risen steadily during 2003-2012. The petroleum products that are consumed in Oman are distillate and residual fuel oil as well as motor gas mainly. The consumption of the transportation fuel has nearly doubles during 2006 to 2012, the refinery’s capacity no longer meet the domestic demand in the country for transportation fuel.
Oman only has two refineries that are operating and they are: Sohar refinery and Mina al Fahal. There are plan to expand/upgrade the capacity of the Sohar refinery. Also Oman is aiming to construct a third refinery near the Duqm area plus a 200 million barrel crude oil storage terminal. This very same storage terminal will be one of the largest in the world.
Natural gas is another conventional energy source which is produced in Oman, Exported, and utilized. There is a Gas-to-Liquid program where the company ‘Oman LNG’ transforms 250,000 tons of natural gas liquids into motor gasoline per year. There is only one international gas pipe line that Oman has, it runs from Qatar and goes through United Arab Emirates and it is called the Dolphin pipeline. Sultanate of Oman is a member of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) and it exports natural gas using its two liquefaction facilities in the Gulf of Oman. Most of the export from Oman goes to South Korea and Japan. Oman exports and produces around 395 Bcf (billion cubic feet) which is about 79% of the country’s capacity.

This chart is about the Petroleum consumption in the Sultanate of Oman from the yea 2003 to 2012, but the data...

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