The Surrogate Mother Womb For Rent

1629 words - 7 pages

The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent

 
     In 2000 the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) defined reproductive rights as "the basic rights of couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children; to have the information and means to do so; and to have the right to make decisions concerning reproduction, free of discrimination, coercion or violence."[1] Traditionally society defines reproductive rights in the context of one's being able to make decisions about his or her own reproduction; other individuals, unrelated to that person, were not considered as being involved in the decision. With the onset of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in 1978, reproductive processes have become more complicated. For example, in gestational surrogacy a surrogate mother, not genetically related to the embryo, is brought into the process of reproduction. This technique allows infertile couples to carry a child or children in the womb of a carrier, rather than in the womb of the biological mother.[2] As a result of this ethically controversial technology, society must modify its reproductive rights. In vitro fertilization (IVF) alone will not solve people's reproductive problems and protect everybody's rights. Society, therefore, must distinguish whose rights-the rights of biological parents or those of the surrogate mothers-should be protected.

 

Gestational surrogacy, especially when it involves commercial surrogates, challenges the status quo in the ethical theory of reproduction, because with this technology the process of producing a child can no longer remain a private matter. Now a public contract exists between two parties, the couple and the surrogate mother. Such a gestational surrogacy arrangement has tied people into a market relationship rather than an intimate and private family relationship.[3] Accepting this new technology has raised an ongoing debate in courts, among scientists, feminists and social scientists.

 

In the legal world gestational surrogacy has created several controversies. One such controversy was the Baby M case, in which a surrogate mother claimed to have the right of custody of the child to whom she was genetically unrelated but had carried in her womb. In addition, new laws must be created to regulate the use of these techniques. For example, California's 1975 National Uniform Parenting Act presumptively regards the birth mother as the natural mother.[4] According to this law, the surrogate mother has the right of custody of the child she carried. However, New Jersey state law regards "surrogacy as the sale of a child, or at the very least, the sale of a mother's right to her child, with the only mitigation factor being that one of the purchasers is the father."[5] A consequence of this controversy can be seen in an example of a doctor commenting on surrogacy in relation to legal issues, who said that "the legal...

Find Another Essay On The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent

A Discussion of Mother Tongue Teaching and Fine-tuning of Medium of Instruction for Hong Kong Secondary Schools from the Perspective of Educational Ai

2317 words - 9 pages for Education, Mr. Michael Suen on 29 May 2009, announced that secondary schools can adopt a fine-tuning system in designing the MOI in 2010/11 academic year (Education Bureau, 2009a). The aim of this fine-tuning policy is to “upholding mother tongue teaching while enhancing students’ proficiency in both Chinese and English” (Education Bureau, 2009d, p. 1). Under this policy, secondary schools can with reference to the ability of their teachers

Surrogacy: What Would You Stop at for Your Family?

1752 words - 8 pages Surrogacy is a very controversial topic. Some people are believers, yet some think no matter how desperate someone is to start a family that it’s just not right. Using a surrogate mother, a women who bears a child for another women, makes it possible for couples to have a child with DNA from one or both of the intended parents. Often couples turn to surrogacy if one or both are infertile (unable to reproduce), gay couples, or other medical

Should Surrogate Motherhood be Allowed?

906 words - 4 pages Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen by married couples who can not conceive a child in the “natural way”. In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the egg and sperm are

Surrogate Motherhood

2513 words - 10 pages have been laws and existing public policies that were created and established to minimize or control the occurrence and or prevalence of such, still one can not refute the fact that surrogacy is actually baby selling and or offering a womb for rent by nature (Jones, 2002 & Burr J., 2000) & (O’Neill)      Other unjustifiable aspects of surrogate arrangements would include the obligation of the surrogate to be able to

Should surrogate motherhood be permitted?

924 words - 4 pages Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to termthe fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosenby married couples who can not conceive a child in the "naturalway". In some occasions the mother may be able to produce anegg, but has no womb or some other physical problem whichprevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husbandcan produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once theegg and sperm are combined in

Over-Doing Surrogate Mother

1552 words - 6 pages There are many women who are not able to carry children or birth them. The good thing about this that there are other women that can carry them babies for them until birth. This is a relationship in which one woman bears and gives birth to a child for a person or a couple who then adopts or takes legal custody of the children; also called mothering by proxy. In surrogate motherhood, one woman acts as a surrogate, or replacement, mother for

IVF Surrogacy

2421 words - 10 pages . IVF surrogacy clearly answers the issue about medical costs. The surrogate mother should be free of all medical costs as she is helping or doing an unfortunate couple a favour. Change of mind is a minor risk when dealing with IVF surrogacy as it is proven that the surrogate mother does not feel as connected to the child as it biologically belongs to another couple. Legalising IVF surrogacy in Queensland for couples in

The Negatives of Surrogate Mothering

2106 words - 8 pages substantial amount of money for this task. In some cases a surrogate mother is used because the receiving mother cannot use her own womb due to the fact that she may not possess a uterus, which in turn would totally prevent said women from conceiving her own child (Malpani and Malpani). As unfortunate as this situation is, women all over the world have many different reasons for not being able to conceive and or carry their own children. It is very

The Morality of Abortion and Surrogacy

1933 words - 8 pages more power or privilege, but that in the case of surrogacy, two individual women may have the same title (surrogate mother or whatever you want to call it) but have different feelings about the role. One woman may feel very detached from the baby and consider her a baby holding area for some people she barley knows, while another woman may feel much attached to the baby and the biological parents because she is a relative or family friend. Each

surrogate mothers

1122 words - 4 pages A Surrogate Mother is defined as “an adult woman who enters into an agreement to bear a child conceived through assisted conception for intended parents.” The couple is usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to a surrogate through assisted conception, using an egg or sperm of at least one parent. 1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who

"Sex is easy to find. Commitment is easy to avoid. Childlessness among well-educated women is on the rise. Relationships are on the nose." Discuss making families in the new millennium.

2026 words - 8 pages like the Netherlands, homosexual "domestic partnerships" are legally recognized (Hallsall, 1996). In the American state of Vermont, homosexual relationships called "civil unions" are officially recognized by state law (CNN.com, 2000).Advances in medical technology have led to techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other forms of assisted reproduction. Surrogate motherhood, wittily called rent-a-womb by other people, can also be

Similar Essays

The Cause And Effects Of Surrogate Mother

1825 words - 7 pages the pregnancy and birth. Many psychiatrists, psychologists, and developmental biologists believe that there is a bond develops between pregnant mother and a child even if the child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate mother. In fact, it is very challenging and suffering when a surrogate mother handing the baby that she had carried in her womb for nine months to another person. The surrogate mother might result in psychological problem

Character Profile For The Mother In Law Essay

1527 words - 6 pages Character Profile for the Mother-in-Law I will be discussing the Mother-In-Law in this extract in the first person. I am a lady of about 60 years of age, and I am a low-class peasant, shown by the behaviour of my son, and how I address him. I will use a country accent, as I live on the other side of the mountain to Grusha and the play's other characters. I will adopt a slightly hunch-backed posture to emphasise my age

The Sacrifice A Mother Would Make For Her Child In Beloved By Toni Morrison

2095 words - 8 pages blood right along with my mother’s milk (Morrison 242). Denver loved Beloved and knew she was her sister from the point she got there, but Beloved longed for the love of her mother Sethe because she had been gone for so long. Beloved watched the leaves with her mother and never left her side (241). Denver, was also very sheltered, she never left the house unless it was in the front yard and back. As she started seeing the changes in her mother’s

Rationale For Commerce In The School Curriculum Explaining To A Mother And Son Why Commerce Studies Is Essential

969 words - 4 pages The Value of Commerce EducationRationalePoints to I would discuss with the mother and son:The Commerce subject falls under the Studies of Society and the Environment (SOSE) learning area of the Curriculum and Standards Framework (CSF). "SOSE is a study of human progress and how people have organized themselves into societies over time, and how they have interacted with their physical environments" (CSF). I believe the knowledge students gain