The Sweatshop Industry And Child Labour In Nic's

2207 words - 9 pages

The Sweatshop Industry and Child Labour in NIC's

This report is aimed at investigating if the two major TNC's Nike and
Gap manufacture their products according to their code of vendor
conduct. Both companies code of vendor conduct clearly states that no
workers are employed under the legal minimum age and sweatshops don't
exist in their factories.

A sweatshop is a factory where employees are subject to extreme
exploitation; they work in dreadful conditions with health and safety
hazards, for little pay and long hours. Child labour is, as the word
suggests, when children under the legal minimum age are employed to

When we hear brand names such as Nike and Gap, most of us will
immediately associate the brands with expensive and fashionable
designer products, and no doubt most people have worn an item with
these particular brand names on them; however under the soft clothing
and recognisable brands lies a very different story. To investigate
this further we have to travel to a country where Nike and Gap
manufacture their products. I have decided to travel to Cambodia. This
is a country situated in South East Asia, bordered by Vietnam,
Thailand and Laos. Its capital Phnom Pehn is situated in the south
east of the country. Most of Cambodia's work force is mainly in the
primary sector; however their secondary sector is growing, which
results in Cambodia being recognised as being an NIC (newly
industrialised country).


When we arrived in Cambodia we immediately started our search for a
factory that manufactured products for Nike and Gap. This was very
difficult, as the factories are in secret locations, because Nike and
Gap say the factories contain commercially sensitive information about
the products. This 'excuse' hinders outsiders knowing exactly what is
happening inside the factory. People didn't want to tell us about the
factories whereabouts either, as they were scared of getting
physically assaulted by the security men surrounding the factory. At
last we found a factory called June Textiles, which manufactured
products for both Nike and Gap, but no one would tell us more than
that. Checking treatment of workers here was going to be a huge task.
The factory was well guarded and looked like any ordinary factory from
the outside, but at that time we didn't know what harsh realities
workers were facing inside the factory.

We needed to talk to the workers on home turf, away from the security
men surrounding the factory. Late at night we got a call from a couple
of workers who said they were prepared to speak to us, if we met them
after their shift, at their home. For them to talk openly about the
conditions in the factory was a big step.

This was the one of our first big surprises, 8 women were living
together in a tiny little room which on a...

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