The Sweet Life of Prostitution….or Not!
According to Frey, prostitution is defined as “acting against one’s convictions in order to get a reward” (Frey, 2003). Prostitution at one point of time and still may be a controversial issue within society, some may think it’s illegal for a woman to go out on a corner and sell her body and others may it’s an easy way to make a living. Prostitution is seen by many women as easy making money for their family, drug habits, paying off drug debts, etc. but could lead to many complications such as diseases, death, arrest, etc. In one study, 67% of a group of law enforcement officials expressed the opinion that women did not enter prostitution voluntarily (Raymond, 2003). Raymond also mentions that 72% of social service providers did not think that women voluntarily choose to enter the sex industry (Raymond, 2003).
In the United States, each state has a different law regarding prostitution. In Holland, prostitution is legal and they even offer free clinics which helps keep a low rate of AIDS. According to Morris, less than 1 percent, compared to 30-40 percent among America’s illegal but probably equally plentiful hooker population (Morris, 1989). Legalization of prostitution in the State of Victoria, Australia, resulted in massive expansion of the sex industry. Along with legalization of prostitution, other forms of sexual exploitation, such as tabletop dancing, bondage and discipline centers, peep shows, phone sex, and pornography, have all developed in much more profitable ways than before legalization (Raymond, 2003). In an article by Kissil and Davey, they mentioned that in the beginning of the 20th century, prostitution was focused on social, economic, and psychological explanations with the context of individual circumstances.
Kissil and Davey went on to explain that economic explanations focused on the view that women entered prostitution out of impoverishment, when other or better employment opportunities were not available to them (Kissil and Davey, 2010). In recent psychologically oriented studies, Kissil and Davey found that drug addiction, especially crack-cocaine, may play an essential role in why women resort to prostitution (Kissil and Davey, 2010). It is said that the typical adult street prostitute is female, African American with a low economic status, immigrant status, or a single parent. The typical “John”, which is the buyer is white male, married, with a high economic status, blue collar job or who works in a skilled trade (Kissil and Davey, 2010). It would be more appropriate to view all prostituted women as at-risk. It has been established that johns pressure women into unsafe sex and Women were unable to prevent johns’ demands for unsafe sex, and were often physically assaulted when they requested condoms which is why often times they end up with sexually transmitted diseases (Farley and Kelly, 2000). Farley and Kelly found broad documentation explaining that HIV is...