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The Formation Of Hurricanes Essay

1546 words - 6 pages

The Formation of Hurricanes

Hurricanes begin as tropical storms over the warm moist waters of the
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans near the equator. (Near the Philippines
and the China Sea, hurricanes are called typhoons.) As the moisture
evaporates it rises until enormous amounts of heated moist air are
twisted high in the atmosphere. The winds begin to circle
counterclockwise north of the equator or clockwise south of the
equator. The relatively peaceful center of the hurricane is called the
eye. Around this center winds move at speeds between 74 and 200 miles
per hour. As long as the hurricane remains over waters of 79F or
warmer, it continues to pull moisture from the surface and grow in
size and force. When a hurricane crosses land or cooler waters, it
loses its source of power and its wind gradually slow until they are
no longer of hurricane force (less than 74 miles per hour.)

Hurricanes over the Atlantic often begin near Africa, drift west on
the Trade Winds, and veer north as they meet the winds coming eastward
across North America. Hurricanes over the Eastern Pacific begin in the
warm waters off the Central American and Mexican coasts. Eastern and
Central Pacific storms are called "hurricanes." Storms to the west of
the International Date Line are called "typhoons."

Because of the destructive force of hurricanes during late summer and
early autumn, scientists constantly monitor them with satellites and
sometimes even fly airplane surveillance to keep track of tropical
storms that might develop into hurricanes.

How are Hurricanes classified and what effects are used to do this?

Hurricanes are separated into 5 different category’s ranging from 1 to
5. We measure the winds in miles per hour (mph), the Categories are
sorted like this:
Category 1: less than
95mph Category 2: 95mph
to 110mph Category 3:
110mph to 130mph Category 4:
130mph to 140mph Category 5: more
than 140mph

U.S. death toll at least 25 in Ivan's wake

We only have basic knowledge of general hurricane occurrence there are
no atmospheric conditions that can be measured to predict where a
hurricane will develop. Therefore we can only forecast its path when
it’s formed. The National Hurricane Center in Miami, searches for
potential hurricanes in their early stages and track them through
their life cycle until they decay and die.

Satellites detect hurricanes in their early stages of development and
can help to provide early warnings of hurricanes. Special aircrafts
fitted with instruments fly through and over hurricanes, and weather
radar can locate storms within 200 miles of the...

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