The Syrian Civil War
The conflict in Syria has raged for 3 years and a month now. This civil conflict began on the 15th of March 2011. The main actors in this conflict are the supporters of totalitarian Ba’ath government and those who overthrow it. At first the demands of the protesters were democratic and economic reforms to be brought in by the Ba’ath government. Although after the military assaults on protesters across the country the protests evolved into an armed rebellion. Thousands massacred- women children, homes leveled to the ground. According to the United Nations, the death toll surpassed 100,000 in June 2013, and reached 120,000 by September 2013. More than four million Syrians have been displaced, more than three million Syrians fled the country and became refugees, and millions more were left in poor living conditions with shortage of food and drinking water.
The situation in Syria is not only about the Syrian population now but has become a political arena for the International community. This war has had certain number of negative implications such as the tensions among the West with Russia and China. In a United Nations Security Council meet Russia and China vetoed against a western drafted draft that would allow for a military intervention in Syria if continued military action against protestors. A certain number of cases indicating the use of chemical weapons have been reported. Both the sides have accused each other for the attacks. Four of these attacks have been confirmed with the use of Sarin gas.
So far there have been a series of valiant efforts to try and strike up peace between the belligerents. The Geneva II Conference was an initiative where both sides agreed to participate. Unfortunately no conclusion could be established. President Assad said he was still open to a political solution saying that “failed attempts at a solution does not mean we are not interested in a political solution”(Assad).
Experts have debated what is the best solution to ease the ongoing situation in Syria. Experts like Hollond Phoebe debate why and why not there should be military intervention in Syria. He claims as the West interfered in Libya declaring it a no-fly zone while he also claims that a country should be allowed to resolve it issues without any foreign power interfering in it.
The situation in Syria has a vast number of actors which can be condensed to two sides: The NATO and the rebels who demand liberal reforms and against them Russia, China and the ruling Ba’ath government that unfortunately do not share the same humanitarian ideals. As the United States’ ideals of world freedom and liberalization it stands protecting the demands of the oppressed people of Syria at an International platform, on the other hand The Russian and Chinese governments support the Totalitarian government that has easily on multiple occasions violated that liberal policy.
If one were to assess the situation in Syria one would use...