Syria is a country that is currently going through an uprising. The Bashar al-Assad regime and Ba’ath government are imparting a strong front while being shattered from multiple opposition groups; and terrorist organizations in country and high-ranking officials from around the world. Their economy, population, and relations with nations around the world is being affected by the everyday events occurring in their country.
Syria has gone through many adversities as a country and to this day struggles with the habitual effects of the Syrian civil war. The Syrian civil war began on March 15th, 2011, between forces who are loyal to the Ba’ath government and those who want to overthrow them. Multiple organizations are working together to defeat the Bashar al-Assad regime, some of these groups are the Free Syrian Army, Al-Nusra Front, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
The Free Syrian Army (FSA) is an opposition force that has been operating since the beginning of the Syrian civil war. The FSA uses guerilla style tactics that defend civilian protesters, cause attrition in the government security forces, to degrade morale, and destabilize Damascus. (7) The FSA has conducted multiple mounted attacks. These attacks are mainly focused on destroying any lines of communication or government assets, such as, destroying telecommunications towers, attacking logistics vehicles, posts information on Syrian social media sites about blocking roads, cutting coaxial communications cables servicing airfields, mounted attacks on security service command centers, attacking railways and pipelines, and sabotaging government vehicles by sugaring fuel tanks. (8) Additionally, the FSA has been known to conduct hit and run attacks while ambushing and confronting the Shabiha militia.
The Al-Nusra Front is a terrorist organization who wants to create a Pan-Islamic state under the Shari’a and reinstate the Caliphate. They are known for using car bombs, suicide attacks, targeting of checkpoints, conventional assault of military bases, and targeting any personnel who is pro-government. Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war, Al-Nusra Front has conducted some of the most deadly attacks and has claimed over eighty percent of the suicide attacks conducted. The Al-Nusra Front works with the other rebel groups, stating they are fighting the same battle of overthrowing the Bashar al-Assad regime, and get monthly funding from Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). Al-Nusra Front is one of the most dangerous opponents to the Assad regime and any person or group who is for the country of Syria to stay how they currently stand.
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) made their way into Syria in April 2013. Since their appearance they have taken over and enforced Shari’a law into a number of towns and control a portion of the Syria/Turkey border to governor entrance and exit from the two countries. The ISIS is affiliated with AQI and has been admired for being...