The Taj Mahal Essay

724 words - 3 pages

The Taj Mahal is a prime example of India’s rich culture. A mix of Indian, Persian and Islamic characteristics, the two decade long project is a renowned “Wonder of the World” that boasts an emotional and romantic history; it was built by Emperor Shah Jahan of the Mughal era in a splendid tribute to his deceased wife. To this day, the Taj Mahal continues to be a famous landmark and cherished piece of Indian art.
The Taj Mahal, or “crown of palaces,” was commissioned by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 to be built in Agra, India, on the bank of the Yamuna River (“Taj Mahal Facts” 1). Shah Jahan married Arjumand Banu Begum in 1612, and she was his third wife. However, Shah Jahan quickly ...view middle of the document...

in “Taj Mahal Facts”). True to the pieta dura technique, various semi-precious stones such as jade, turquoise, and lapis lazuli were ornately embedded into the marble. The entrances bare excerpts from the Koran in calligraphy, and the walkways are adorned with tessalations composed of colorful tiles (“The Taj Mahal” 1; “The Making of ‘The Taj’” 1). Other aspects of the Taj Mahal include the innovative Shahjahani columns and a cenotaph, or false tomb.

Other parts of the Taj Mahal complex include the reflecting pool, which is located in the center of the complex, dividing the gardens, or “charbaghs,” into four parts and providing a perfect reflection of the Taj Mahal (“The Making of ‘The Taj'” 1). Furthermore, a red sandstone gateway graces the entrance to the Taj Mahal, while identical red sandstone mosque and red sandstone guesthouse, or jawab, flank the main domed building to the left and right, respectively (“The Taj Mahal” 2). The Taj Mahal’s design takes into account multiple architectural techniques with Shahjahani qarina influences, including perfect bilateral symmetry, a hierarchical system of forms...

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