The Temperance Movement
Ask this question: What would happen if alcohol was banned from the U.S.? Well, that’s exactly what the Temperance Movement did. During the late 1800’s up until the 1930’s, the U.S. Government decided on the banning of alcohol for drinking. The reason for the movement is that crime rates we’re increasing, most of which were related to drinking. In order to try and get things lower, all bars were closed as well as all alcohol being burned or dumped. In the present day, one man believes that the theory of banning alcohol in this generation should be done. This man: Billy Sunday, states in his speech “Speech on the evils of alcohol” that alcohol is a vile drink that poisons and tempts the mind into committing sin. The speech (given in the 1920’s) has a cause and affect theme that really sticks to a heavy religion based message. In regards to both the movement and the speech Billy Sunday uses ethos and repetition in order to show that alcohol is purely evil and should be banned.
Sunday believed as a Christian man that alcohol was an evil substance of influence. He often talked about how it is both influential and cause horrible changes in even the best of men. Also, Sunday believed that not only alcohol causes pain, but that also the activities and items that are usually paired with them do exactly the same. Moreover, Sunday states that it should not be touched due to it leading to temptation of the horrible activities, “His hide so full of red liquor that he is transformed for the time into an irresponsible, dangerous, evil-smelling brute.” The speech is giving a metaphor of what a person becomes after drinking too much. A quote gives another example of the metaphors that Sunday used in his speech describing saloons and bars, “The saloon comes as near to being a rat hole for a wage earner.” The speech is stating how a saloon or bar can attract a person to stay for ridiculous amounts of time, wasting more and more money each time. The main reason that Sunday gave these metaphors as well as his speech was to try and convince people how influential alcohol could be.
In his speech, Sunday talks about how anyone can be changed in the worst of ways by alcohol. Alcohol is very influential as both a hobby and a passion and is seen in this example, “… people brought booze over in high-speed boats and rowboats, planes and police paddy wagons. They also staged fake funeral processions in which every hearse carried whiskey.” (Deramus). The quote talks a little into the illegal happenings of the Temperance Movement as well as showing the influence of the drink. There is also evidence showing that there were religious groups that thought highly of the drink, “Drink is in itself a good creature of God and to be received with thankfulness, but the abuse of drink is from Satan.” (Carlson). The quote shows how alcohol was seen as something that was enjoyed, not abused. It also shows the Church’s opinion on the substance’s origin. A quote...