People often go looking for a copy of The Tempest, by William Shakespeare; they often have trouble finding it because everyone classifies it differently. Some people feel it is a play based on history and politics. Some feel that it is a romance because of the relationship between Ferdinand and Miranda. Others consider it a masque because of
Act IV Scene i. Some consider it a tragedy because of how the play opens and turns out even though it turns out that no one dies in the end. There are those who consider it a comedy because of how some of the scenes turn out to make fun of the characters and how Ariel and Prospero are playing games with everyone’s mind. It is a comedy because you see more comedy in it than any other genre it has been classified as.
People have different definitions for Romances. Stephen J. Miko believes that a romance is based on forgiveness, reconciliation, and regeneration. He believes The Tempest contains these aspects. It is true that the play does contain these aspects in Act V. In Act V, Ariel states that King Alonso and his entourage feel sorry for what they have done. In this scene they are let into Prospero’s Cell and there he forgives them all for something they have done. King Alonso also asks for forgiveness of his son, for losing him on the island, and Prospero, for overthrowing him from his position. Caliban also asks forgiveness when he planed on overthrowing Prospero as well. Prospero also forgives him for his plans.
There is no denying that this definition of romance is in the play. Even though the play ends with everyone reconciling and forgiving each other leaving a moral to the play, but that is not the theme of the play. Forgiveness appears only towards the end of the play. In the beginning we learn what happened but see constant attempts at hurting someone and trying to get back at people. When we first see Prospero we know that he wishes to get revenge on everyone for overthrowing him as Duke of Milan. The only time forgiveness is seen is in Act 5, when Ariel mentions that he feels bad for Alonso and his entourage, which causes Prospero to forgive them. Without Ariel, Prospero would not have forgiven them and would have instead gotten the revenge he had wished to have.
A romance is developed between Ferdinand and Miranda. When Ferdinand and Miranda fall in love, it is the typical idea of love at first sight. The Folger Shakespeare Library states, “. . . ; Prince Ferdinand, King Alonso’s son, destined to fall in the power of the beautiful Miranda. . .” Their love was so strong that Miranda eventually proposes to Ferdinand which is seen when she state “I am your wife, it you will marry me” (3. 1. 101). Their love has developed by Act 5 where they are found playing together, and can be seen when Prospero tells Alonso that he has lost a daughter which indicates to the audience that Miranda and Ferdinand will be together. The relationship of Miranda and Ferdinand is the only romantic couple in the...