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The Terminal Stage Of The Unification Of Germany

1119 words - 5 pages

At the turn of the 20th century, the nations of Europe had been largely at peace with one another for nearly 30 years. Yet in a little more than a decade, a massive war engulfed Europe and spread across the globe. WWI was initiated by the Nationalistic feeling from the multifarious nations, leading to the rise of militarism and Imperialism, which ultimately guided to the organization of the alliance systems between the nations.
In the late 1800s, the idea of nationalism swept across the continent of Europe that steered about the Great War such as Russian supporting the Slavic peoples, assassination of Archduke, and unification of Germany. With the increasing desire for independence, the ...view middle of the document...

The rise of another powerful nation disturbed the established balance of power, which sparked the Great War.
With the technological advancements form the previous centuries, the nations began to enhance their army and military power in order to glorify their nations; hence creating the Von Schlieffen Plan, German naval law, and Trans-Siberian Express. After the assassination of Archduke, war disrupted between the Russians and the Germans. Meanwhile, the Germans were in war with the French, so in an attempt to battle two nations at once, the Germans applied the Von Schlieffen Plan. The Strategy was to defeat France rapidly then turn to the eastern front for a major offensive on Russia (Dowswell, 35). In 1898 Germany established the naval law which they began making a naval force that was immense enough to challenge the British navy. In 1906, the British navy launched the Dreadnought, the first modern battleship; the Dreadnought had greater firepower that any other ship of its time; Germany rushed to construct on just like it (McCarthy, 369). In the region of Asia, the Russians fortified their military transportation by building the Trans-Siberian Express. In 1891, Russia began to construct the Trans-Siberian Railroad connecting Moscow and Vladivostok; originally, in the east, the Russians secured Chinese permission to build a line directly across Manchuria (the Chinese Eastern Railway) from the Transbaikal region to Vladivostok; this trans-Manchurian line was completed in 1901; it was used to transport Russian soldiers for military purposes and further expand its imperialistic means (Raleigh, 566a). Advances in technology helped aid in strengthening military forces, which it was then applied to defend and fortify one’s nation.
Due to patriotic pride, the nations desired to expand their land and such movements can be seen through events like Congress of Berlin, Russian attempting to get Black Sea, and Russo-Japanese War. The Black Sea was owned by the Ottoman Empire, providing access to the Mediterranean Sea for landlocked countries, and was an idea location to build a warm water port. The black sea's favorable location was ideal for trade and Russia had been trying to take over, which caused the Crimean War (Beck, 787). The Russians began to look at Asia as an opportunity to expand their land; they pressured China and the Chinese granted Russians the port of Port Arthur...

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