The Theme of Love in Mariana and The Despairing Lover
This essay will explore and explain how the theme of love is shown and
presented in two different poems. 'Mariana' is one poem and was
written by Tennyson, the other is 'The despairing lover' which was
written by William Walsh. By analysing both poems, it will determine
how the theme of love is shown.
'Mariana' is a poem about love, isolation and abandonment. Tennyson is
quite serious, sympathetic and not critical of Mariana at all. He
tries to encourage sympathy from the reader by using repetition to
remind us of her despair,
"She only said, 'My life is dreary,
He cometh not,' she said;
She said, 'I am aweary, aweary,
I would that I were dead!'
This is a refrain at the end of each verse and changes slightly
throughout the poem. This gives the effect of sympathy to the reader
and also emphasises her weariness.
The mood of the poem is very depressing, sad and lonely. The
environment around Mariana reflects the mood quite dramatically and
pathetic fallacy is used. Lines such as "The broken sheds look'd sad
and strange" and "Unlifted was the clinking latch" show how this is
used and shows how the house and its surroundings are as sad as
Mariana. Also, Mariana's actions influence the poems atmosphere. Lines
such as "She drew her casement - curtain by" show this and suggest a
mood of darkness and a depressing atmosphere.
The author puts across Mariana's feelings in a way that is quite
effective. He writes Mariana's thoughts and actions to show her
feelings - "O God, that I were dead!" is the last line of the poem and
shows us clearly that Mariana is feeling extremely depressed,
worthless and distraught.
The structure of this poem is fairly regular as it has seven stanzas,
twelve lines each. The whole poem has a fairly constant rhythm. Longer
syntax allows rhythm to be slow and drawn out and the use of semi
colons within the poem breaks the rhythm and shows passage of time
which suggest Mariana's constant suffering.
The theme of love dominates this poem with it being the cause of
Mariana's pain which is the focus of the poem. It is presented using
all of the devices previously analysed and gives the whole poem a
sense of depression.
The poem "The...