The Theory Essay

966 words - 4 pages

A Country DividedKohlberg's theory of moral development was based on extensive research done on the reactions of people of all ages to specific moral situational dilemmas. Kohlberg was specifically interested in the reasoning processes involved in decision-making. The way in which people perceive their rights is also based on reasoning processes that are inextricably linked to their level of development and more specifically to their level of moral development since the area of human rights can be considered essentially moral. Since Kohlberg's theory is primarily concerned with development, a great deal of insight can be gained into the developmental shift that occurs when a militant group tries to take over their county.Iraq is a country divided into two groups Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims. Sunni Muslims agree with the position taken by many of the Prophet's companions, that the new leader should be elected from among those capable to handle the job. This is what was done, and the Prophet Muhammad's close friend and advisor, Abu Bakr, became the first Caliph of the Islamic nation. The word "Sunni" in Arabic comes from a word meaning "one who follows the traditions of the Prophet" (What's the Difference Between Shia and Sunni Muslims?). This plays to the first stage of Kohlberg's theory which is obedience. The groups are obedient in that being born into or choosing one side you can never change sides as if you try to you are killed because they need to maintain obedience inside the group.ISIS is the militant group that is responsible for the current state of Iraq and is the reason why Iraq will be pushed back in time instead of forward. ISIS (ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA) (Chelsea J. Carter). ISIS wants to take control of Iraq and believes that if it controls the country it can the impose Sharia law. Sharia law is the body of Islamic law. The term means "way" or "path"; it is the legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Islam. This would push Iraqi's back as the law is 150 years old and is not democratic. Iraq currently has adopted some forms of democracy into its government and ISIS is completely against it. This plays to Kohlberg's second step of moral development which is self-interest which means doing something with worrying about what you would gain and not what is best for the group or others. In this case it would be ISIS gaining control and imposing these horrible laws and pushing Iraq back in time.Getting everyone in Iraq to conform to the mission of ISIS will not be easy and is already causing loss of life and un wanted and unneeded bloodshed. ISIS should have approached the situation with more diplomacy but instead decided to do it with a show...

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