This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Theory Of Knowledge Essay

1781 words - 7 pages

"That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow."
Until 1900, human knowledge doubled approximately every century. Post-WWII, it doubled every 25 years. It now appears to grow exponentially. This has resulted in the revision of the information previously thought of as knowledge. This raises these knowledge issues: if knowledge that is accepted today is sometimes discarded tomorrow, and the aim of the natural sciences is to provide the complete objective truth, can science ever achieve this aim? And in the study of history, is information that is considered to be true in the past still useful, and can and should knowledge ever be ‘discarded’?

2500 years ago, Plato defined knowledge as a true justified belief. This condition of ‘true justified belief’ must be met to consider information as knowledge. However, this definition is problematic because it is obstructed by Gettier problems (situations in which someone has a belief that is concurrently true and evidenced, but yet fails to be knowledge). These are situations in which the above conditions were seemingly met but that many philosophers disagree that anything is known. There are differences in opinion for what is meant by justification, and what amount of justification is sufficient for one to believe that it is true.

According to science, the stronger and more valid the justification, the more likely it is that a knowledge claim is true. Thus, the scientific method evolved, to provide the highest level of certainty. It is often presumed that the objective of science is to provide certain objective knowledge, but we can see that that’s impossible. How can science reconcile itself to with problem, when what science aims for is certainty?

The scientific method begins with observations that can be built into a universal theory that can be used for predictions. However, it is imperfect. Since perceive events based on prior beliefs, emotions, intuitions, intelligence, schemas and other factors, we make theoretical assumptions and presuppositions that cause a dilution in objectivity. Furthermore, there are sensory limitations that limit us from observing the true nature of our surroundings. However, technology is a great aid for scientists to get around this, though there are still missed observations.

Science relies on induction. Generalizations are made based on recorded observations. Once enough observations are made we assume that the sequence of events in the future will occur as it always has in the past. Deductions on the other hand, conclude with a certain answer depending on the truth of the premise. Therefore, scientific observations are based on probability, which makes absolute certainty impossible (as demonstrated by David Hume ). Therefore, the obtaining of the complete objective truth cannot be verified.

Despite this, the use of induction is justified because the predictions have been noticeably rewarding. Induction is based on a...

Find Another Essay On The Theory of Knowledge

The Theory of Knowledge Essay

1376 words - 6 pages "That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." As far as we can be concerned we won’t be able to say with assertion how can we account for what seems implausible on all accounts of earlier attempts that has failed to have produced evidences empirically factual to the propositions as assertively true of its existence holds true even today when the questions that can be raised with

Theory of Knowledge Essay

1219 words - 5 pages supported the Copernican theory (that the Earth and all the planets move around the sun). Galileo was tortured and excommunicated, although his theory was correct.The question of morals is often used in scientific arguments over whether or not knowledge should be sought, as seen recently with the debate over genetic engineering. Such an approach shows a backward view to science, similar to the persecution of the supporters of Copernicus by the

Plato's Theory of Knowledge

1276 words - 5 pages Plato's Theory of Knowledge Plato's Theory of Knowledge is very interesting. He expresses this theory with three approaches: his allegory of The Cave, his metaphor of the Divided Line and his doctrine The Forms. Each theory is interconnected; one could not be without the other. Here we will explore how one relates to the other. In The Cave, Plato describes a vision of shackled prisoners seated in a dark cave facing the wall

Theory of Knowledge Essay

1245 words - 5 pages considered a myth. The idea of a spherical earth was introduced by Greek astronomy, specifically Pythagoras. The main element that proved this new theory was Columbus and his travels. A limitation to this example is that now days the idea of the world being flat is a myth and not seen as a scientific idea so it might not be seen as natural sciences or knowledge but rather a myth in history. In the natural sciences an important way of knowing is sense

Theory of Knowledge

706 words - 3 pages because information may or may not be processed into knowledge depending on the situation. Think of someone entirely new to biology. How would someone know how the skeletal system works? Reading about it in theory is only one side of the system. If, however, a student takes an existing skeleton apart and learns about the different roles and functions played by each physical component, in time, the student will know enough about them and their

Theory of Knowledge Essay

1136 words - 5 pages The methods that available in the production of knowledge are limited by the ethical judgments, but the definition of whether the method is ethical or not depends on a couple different things. The first one is the personal judgments. Each person would have different judgments for the same method. However, one personal based judgment cannot be universal. The second one is the social judgment. It is related to the personal judgment. When a

Theory of Knowledge Essay

1067 words - 5 pages The knowledge available is sometimes limited by ethical judgments but it depends on each human being how much would that knowledge could be limited for both natural sciences and arts depending on the aims and focuses that the scientist, artist or viewer on it respective case if the morals and ethical judgments of supposed person are against something this person will never dig into it however there is people that think different, were rose

Theory of Knowledge Essay - 1246 words

1246 words - 5 pages sphere of the atom. However this did not happen, instead most Alfa particle did pass though the gold foil but some were sent back at extreme angles. According to the Thomson model these extreme angle would be impossible, disproving the model. Not only did it disprove the theory but gave birth to the current model of the atom. As scientist were able to eliminate one idea of truth and create a theory more in line with the real world behavior of

Theory of Knowledge

1665 words - 7 pages When I was first introduced to Einstein's famous relativity equation in physics, ''E=mc2", I subsequently felt that all questions relating to energy can be answered using it. However, I was not aware of the many other energy formulas available until my studies progressed. The partiality in mind and the dependence on one specific source of knowledge, like my dependence on the relativity equation, act as the ''hammer'' to the problems faced in

Theory of Knowledge - 1199 words

1199 words - 5 pages Within the world, many times we have to reevaluate and consider multiple varying possibilities. Nothing is ever completely known, so when new discoveries are made about a topic that has already been previously discovered we must readapt our way of thinking about something that we believed we had used to know. In order to evaluate the quote, “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow,” we must first define key

Theory of knowledge 2

1379 words - 6 pages "History is part myth, part hope and part reality." Discuss this quote in relation to History and to at least one other field of study. The study of history has been and will continue to play a major part in the lives of every individual and every community. Our history is our identity telling us where we come from, what we are and what our forefathers did and therefore plays a major in role in our constant search for knowledge and

Similar Essays

The Theory Of Knowledge Essay

1671 words - 7 pages know whether Olber’s paradox was due to other unexplained phenomena of physics and must therefore require the development of knew knowledge to disprove it. The knowledge shown to be wrong by Olber however was proven to be wrong in Einstein’s ‘Theory of General and Special Relativity’. Einstein showed that Newton’s model was impossible and that a different model would need to be found (which was found by Edwin Hubble in 1929). Einstein proved the

The Theory Of Knowledge Essay

1686 words - 7 pages many hypotheses and theories, such as Newton’s laws of physics and the Big Bang theory this often leads to the subject knowledge being further built upon and evolved. Although Scientific claims and hypotheses are frequently discarded, they can also be slightly altered to make them not false. Most frequently in the natural sciences, if theories have taken hold and are proven to be false, they may be replaced by a theory that simply changed minor

The Theory Of Knowledge Essay 1824 Words

1824 words - 7 pages "That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." My intuitive reaction to to the statement was one of an affirmative. Being an ardent student of natural sciences, it was immediately obvious to me how much knowledge had progressed over time. The development of technology has allowed us to widen our perception: to observe what couldn’t be observed, to hear what couldn’t be heard, and

The Theory Of Knowledge Essay 1850 Words

1850 words - 7 pages visit a country from your bed, is single-mindedness a problem or a trademark that sets you apart? This question inspired the knowledge issue, Is being conditioned to having only one perspective hindering one's pursuit of knowledge? Through the exploration of the ways of knowing like emotion and reason and areas of knowledge like art, I will critically analyze this question through the perspective of professional, religious, or/and demographic bias