This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Theory Of Planned Behaviour: Nurses Attitudes Towards Older Patients

3795 words - 15 pages

The Theory of Planned Behaviour: Nurses' Attitudes towards Older Patients

ABSTRACT

The Theory of Planned Behaviour was tested in a study for its ability to predict intention to behave in specific ways towards older patients. There were 172 subjects from 3 Scottish universities, Napier, Edinburgh and Abertay Dundee. The results gained from a questionnaire suggest that the Theory of Planned behaviour can be used to predict behavioural intentions of nurses when working with older patients. Nurses’ intention to behave was predicted by their attitudes mostly, perceived behavioural control also carried a significant beta weight although social norms were found to be non– significant. The underlying beliefs of attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural controls were also investigated in terms of expectancy value models. Nurses with positive attitudes towards older patients were found to hold patient orientated values, and job satisfaction, more important than other relevant values. Nurses are also more motivated to comply with senior staff that may share their positive attitudes also. One consequence of the present findings is that greater levels of support by senior staff and ways of increasing job satisfaction will improve the levels of care and treatment for older patients.

Introduction

Last year, for the first time ever, the developed countries of the world had more people aged 60 and over than youths aged 14 and under. For the world as a whole, the same will be true by the year 2043. The percentage proportion of older people in Western Europe is predicted to increase by 14.8%, 8.8 in Japan and 2.7% in the U.S.(U.S Census bureau).
Two major forces drive the shift in age distribution. First, birth rates are declining in most parts of the world, but especially in the industrialized nations. and second, life expectancy is increasing almost everywhere. The U.K is a prime example of this phenomenon. In 1999 16 % of the population was 65 and over (DOH 1999). With the advent of new medicine and treatment for more and more illnesses and diseases the trend will increase. The implications of a human population that is both growing and aging are numerous and worrying. Advances in medical science, nutrition and fitness, and even bioengineering point to the day when many human beings will have the option of living well past the age of 100 (CSIS global initiative 99). The elderly have been for a long time the greatest users of healthcare (Lefebre et al. 1979). It can be inferred that this demand will continue to rise as the elderly population does. Nearly half of the NHS expenditure in 1999 was spent on the care of the over 65 this equates to 5.21 billion pounds(DOH 1999). From hospital beds to prescriptions the elderly were responsible for the greater share of the cost. In the front line of healthcare are nurses, who play a primary role in providing support and provision The perception and attitudes of these primary caregivers will...

Find Another Essay On The Theory of Planned Behaviour: Nurses Attitudes towards Older Patients

When Are Attitudes Good Predictors Of Behaviour

1922 words - 8 pages attitudes and behaviour, according to Ajzen and Fishbein (1980) intention is determined by attitudes and social norms which then leads to the behaviour. However, TRA has been criticised due to limited applicability and theoretical problems. The model does not include any control measures, many activites in real life are not under complete control and a control component is needed to predict this. Ajzen?s (1988) theory of planned behaviour (TPB

The Attitudes Towards Violence and Guns

1653 words - 7 pages guns was an unhealthy misguided attitude (Sharpio et.al,1998). Theoretically, the premise of Attitudes Towards Guns and Violence is based on the social learning theory by Bandura. Bandura (1977) felt behaviors were developed by the way it was modeled around us (Bandura, 1977). When a person thinks about a violent exposure and attitudes concerning violence it would suggest that being the victim and watching the violence can affect the

Canadian Attitudes Towards the Afghanistan War

1085 words - 5 pages “Over the past century, Canadian attitudes towards the use of force and the exercise of military power in support of national aims have fundamentally shifted”. This is a quote written by Major Todd Strickland in his article, titled, “From the Boers to the Taliban: How Canadians Attitudes towards War Have Changed”. This article reviews Canada’s history within the wars and also Canadian’s thoughts on war. The Afghan war began in 2001 and is still

Horizontal violence and The Effects on Nurses and Patients

1550 words - 6 pages Horizontal violence is not a topic that medical faculties discuss on a day-to-day basis, but it is an enormous problem within the health care system. In this research the author looks at bulling from a registered nurse (r.n.) aspect .The effects on patient centered care can be detrimental for patients and r.n.’s. The work place needs to be a safe place for not only the patients but also the employees. With the rise of new graduate nurses who

The impact of media's representation of ideal body size on attitudes towards own body image

1224 words - 5 pages (Posavac, Posavac & Posavac, 1998). It has even been suggested that the Medias overwhelming representation of thinness has a large contributing factor towards young women’s attitudes of their own body weight dissatisfaction (Jacobi & Cash‚ 1994). This dissatisfaction stems from discrepancies between the accepted standard of female body image repeatedly shown in today’s media and their own bodies leading to the formation of attitudes that their

Attitudes towards war - "Goodbye" from Blackadder and "The One day of the year" by Alan Seymour

829 words - 3 pages towards war. Futile? But it is just how it is, as shown in the text "The One Day Of The Year" by Alan Seymour and "Goodbye" from the series of BlackAddar.The One Day Of The Year is a play based on dialogue about a modernized family. The text has several attitudes towards war. Alf being the one who likes the talk tends to show off how important of a figure he is as he was part of the World War II and sees ANZAC as a great and honorable day where he

A Comparison of Attitudes Towards Life in "The Catcher in the Rye"and "Dead Poet's Society"

1491 words - 6 pages In this world, there are many attitudes towards life that one can possess. This attitude can range from nihilism to ignorant idealism depending on the human being. The works entitled "Dead Poets' Society" and "The Catcher in the Rye" hold a variety of stances on life. However, the novel, "The Catcher in the Rye" mainly paints the mind-set of idealism because it is about an adolescent named Holden Caulfield who is highly idealistic. The novel

The Differences in Attitudes of Parents Towards Attributes Required for Marriage

1952 words - 8 pages The study is to find, ‘The Differences in Attitudes of parents towards Attributes required for Marriage’. In the recent years, as we all can see, there are a lot of divorce issues, separation of the couples etc. The researcher’s interest on this study is mainly to concentrate to know the various attributes that will require for marriage and henceforth to lead a happy married life, thus to reduce the divorce rates. The researcher here is

Investigating the Attitudes and Behaviors of Generation Y Towards Environmental Activism in Australia

2070 words - 8 pages organisations? If not, are they engaging in pro-environmental behaviour in other ways? And why not with environmental organisations? The purpose of this research is to investigate these issues. The scope of the research includes understanding the attitudes and behaviours of Generation Y towards the environment, the environmental crisis, and environmental activism. The fundamental aim of the study is to add to the current research literature, by

The Relationship Between Attitudes Towards Academic Dishonesty, Infidelity, and Normalization of Unethical Behavior

905 words - 4 pages shows that 82 participants (41.4%) reported to cheating in a class, whereas 87 participants (43.9%) reported to being cheated on by a partner. We are not suggesting that accepting attitudes towards academic dishonesty or infidelity are the cause of students engaging in the actual behavior. Instead, we are proposing that future research should investigate if accepting attitudes towards a behavior relates to engaging in that behavior. Findings in the

Assessing Teacher Characteristics and Attitudes Towards the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in Rural School Districts

1310 words - 6 pages of a national population of rural teachers. Planned Data Analysis Data from the returned surveys will be scored and recorded using a computer spreadsheet program. Data from the Likert rating scale statements will be organized using frequency distribution. Percentages will be calculated and reported using tables. References Avramidis, E., Bayliss, P., & Burden, R. (2000). A survey into mainstream teachers' attitudes towards the

Similar Essays

Nurses' Attitudes Toward Obese Patients Essay

2341 words - 9 pages nurses towards obese persons and the management of obese patients” (Poon & Tarrant, 2009, p. 2357). The objectives are directly related to the purpose which is to correlate nurse's attitudes toward patient care of obese patients (Poon & Tarrant, 2009). Variables The variables used within this study was research variables. The registered nurse, student nurse and obesity are the research variable found within this particular study (Poon & Tarrant

Attitudes Towards The Religion Of Islam

678 words - 3 pages Attitudes Towards the Religion of Islam For centuries much of the Western world has targeted the Islamic religion as a threat to others. Many feel that the religion promotes hatred and violence while many others feel that Islam is a peaceful religion. With so many forms of the religion, though, it is hard to put a label on the religion as a whole as being either peaceful or violent. Perhaps the best way to try to answer these

Nurses: The Patients Best Advocates Essay

1333 words - 5 pages breakthroughs. Therefore, since the study of the human body constantly is evolving, so is the study of medicine. These changes pertain to every position held in the medical field, including nurses. As doctors’ duty is to become well informed of the constant changes, it is just as important for nursing staff to evolve as well. Most people do not realize the very valuable role a nurse plays in the process of treating a patient. Actually, some would say that

'male Attitudes Are Central To The Story Of New Zealand's War Nurses'. Anna Rogers. Discuss

3491 words - 14 pages 'Male Attitudes Are Central To The Story Of New Zealand's War Nurses',Anna Rogers. Discuss.Anna Rogers has argued that 'male attitudes are central to the story of New Zealand's war nurses, this however, is not completely accurate. Gendered attitudes, those composed of both male and female counterparts, have a more influential and greater role to play in the experiences of New Zealand's war nurses. Gender is inseparable from culture, and it is in