What Was The Situation In Terms Of Religious Faith In England 1558 1603 And How Did Central Government Attempt To Change This Situation?

2129 words - 9 pages

Elizabeth I succeeded the throne of England in 1558 and became Queen to a nation that had previously undergone 25 years of religious turmoil and change. The national Catholicism of her father, Henry VIII had been replaced by Protestant religious reforms during her brother, Edward VI's reign. These changes were then followed by Mary I's attempts to re-establish Catholicism in England after his death. When Elizabeth ascended the throne it seemed clear and inevitable that she would introduce reforms in favour of Protestantism. This view was supported in that Catholic Europe regarded her as an illegitimate ruler and she had been educated by Protestants and therefore held personal Protestant beliefs. It was unclear however, the extent of the type of Protestantism she would adopt. At the beginning of Elizabeth's reign, the majority of the country still held Catholic beliefs which presented a major obstacle to her intended church reforms. The issue of England's war with France, in which England was an ally of Catholic Spain, also contributed to the dilemma of the religious situation. If England were to adopt a national protestant faith, she risked united opposition and invasion from Catholic powers. The religious issue was also linked closely with foreign affairs in the area of succession. The Catholic Queen of Scots, Mary Stuart was the strongest claimant to the throne on the event of Elizabeth's death and her arrival in England in 1568 created major political and religious problems for Elizabeth. Although these issues caused problems for Elizabeth, it was unlikely that she would keep England a Catholic country and it seemed evident that the current religious situation would undergo a significant change, impacting many areas of faith and people in England.At the end of Mary's reign, Catholicism was strong in England and many influential members of the Protestant movement had been martyred. When Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1558 there were strong hopes for the monarch to introduce the 'new religion' to England. Central government attempted to change the situation in terms of catholic faith and by 1603, the end of Elizabeth's reign, they had done so successfully. In 1559, Parliament introduced what was called the 'Elizabethan Religious Settlement' which clearly aimed to replace Catholicism with a new Protestant faith. Parliament introduced four Acts under the Settlement which significantly altered the Catholic religious situation. The first Act was the Act of Supremacy introduced in May of 1559. This Act declared Elizabeth as Supreme Governor of the Church of England in replacement of the Pope as the head of the Catholic Church. It also required all clergy and subsequent professionals such as school teachers to take an oath recognising Royal Supremacy of the Queen over the Church. This gave Elizabeth an opportunity toremove any Catholic clergy who refused the oath and replace them with her own appointed Protestants. Secondly, the Act of Supremacy...

Find Another Essay On What was the situation in terms of religious faith in England 1558-1603 and how did central government attempt to change this situation?

How did Hitler replace the Weimar government and what was the nature of support that helped him come to power?

853 words - 3 pages to Ebert's attempt to disarm them because they had too much power. These uprisings show the lack of faith in democracy.The Weimar Republic also faced economic problems. The terms of the Treaty were harsh on Germany, especially economically. Germany had to pay 6.600 million pounds of reparations to cover for the war costs of the other countries involved in the First World War.When she did not pay reparations in 1923, the French response was the

How successful was the league of nations in the 1920's? This essay analyses the problems and difficulties of the first attempt of a world security organization

743 words - 3 pages powerful nations were involved in it. As a result of this the strong countries carried out numerous "peace actions" to gain what was due to them:Turkey drove the Greeks out of Smyrna in 1922 - all the League could do was passively agree. France then invaded the Ruhr valley in 1923 when the Germans announced they could not pay reparations to France and Belgium. In this situation the League was not even consulted. Again in 1923, after an Italian general

How did Alexander win the loyalty of those he conquered and was this important to him?

1096 words - 4 pages severe an example might terrify the rest of Greece into obedience". Alexander's first act as a king was to secure the loyalty of the Greeks. This seems to point towards him placing great importance on loyalty. In this situation he went about ensuring it through force, but this was not always the case.After winning over the Greeks, Alexander moved on to Asia Minor, crossing the Dardanelles and stopping to visit the sites featured in the writings of

What was the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and How did it Change America?

938 words - 4 pages the 19th and 20th centuries. In the 1800s, women were not allowed to have a say in what was perceived to be a “man’s world.” They were expected to be mothers and housewives. Nothing more, nothing less. Women tried to get legislation to pass a reform, but they refused to listen. Because of this, they felt they needed to gain the right to vote. Seneca Falls, NY in 1848 marked the start of the women's suffrage movement. The movement, being led by

Stolen Generation How and why were Aborogonal children removed from their families? what did the government think of this?

4984 words - 20 pages seventy years Australian governments had been involved in a more or less routine practice of part-Aboriginal child removal. This was something almost every Aborigine understood.IIHow did the twentieth-century policy and practice of Aboriginal child removal begin? It seems, on present understanding, the response of Australian governments to a problem that stirred parliaments, public opinion and Aboriginal administrators alike in the first half of our

The Great Depression: How did the Australian government attempt to solve the problems caused by the depression?

1149 words - 5 pages John Thomas Lang. The Government finally decided to implement a deflationary policy, yet this attempt was not successful in ending the Depression.As a result of the Depression, there were many social and economic problems including high unemployment, homelessness and poverty. The high levels of unemployment are demonstrated in that 29 per cent of Australians were unemployed in 1932, a dramatic rise of 17.9 per cent since 1929. Due to the levels of

Could war with Iraq be Vietnam II? In this paper you find out the similarities between the situation the United States faces now compared to the situation they faced in Vietnam

1834 words - 7 pages question on how important democracy was to the South Vietnamese individuals. An average Vietnamese individual everyday life involves farming and surviving on what they harvest. Now if you were in this situation, and very little of what you do involve what type of government you under, how much would care about communist and democracy? S. Vietnamese truly did not care if they became Communist or not. (Williams, McCormick, Gardner and LaFeber (294). The

Religious and Public School’s Student’s Moral Beliefs in Hypothetical Situation Surveys for Establishment Clause Child Benefit Testing

1593 words - 7 pages ask the youth in multiple areas what they would do in a given situation. If the survey responses from the religious schools do not differ from the public schools, then arguments like Davis’ which claim causality between type of school and quality of morals lacks evidential support for causal conclusion. By including other studies which have done similar work. This allows me to develop a discussion of results. In these other cases they found the

To what extent was the Pilgrimage of Grace a protest against the religious policies of Henry VIII's government?

2057 words - 8 pages against the towns and royal strongholds, they clearly identified the religious reforms as central to their protest, in the eyes of Seymour Baker House (ed. Mac Culloch, 1995, pg 186). They were unhappy about the execution of priests and members of the clergy who spoke up about the religious changes that Henry was making (ed. Mac Culloch, 1995, pg 185-6).Knowles (The Religious Orders in England, volume 3, Cambridge, 1959, as quoted by Bush, 1998

This paper exaplins the recent scandal with Martha Stewart and it talks about other recent scandals and how they relate to Martha's situation

2137 words - 9 pages Martha was not thinking about how her decision to sell her shares in ImClone would affect MSLO. Since the news of her indictment went public, MSLO's stock price has dropped dramatically. Even though Martha was making a personal decision, she was still the CEO of MSLO, and personal decisions can, in spite of everything, have an affect on the company.RecommendationsSo what exactly should Martha do to help save her image and her company? Well, Martha

The Puritan Dilemma Responds to questions: According to Edmund Morgan, what was the "Puritan dilemma?" How did the Puritans and/or Winthrop address this dilemma?

1306 words - 5 pages communion and withdrew from it all together. Although Winthrop recognized the futility of this act, Williams, consumed by excessive demands for purity, did not and continued "along the paths of perfectionism" (107), persuading others to adopt his cause. Additionally, he accused the king of blasphemy and questioned the legitimacy of the magistrates' role in religious matters (108). In doing so, Williams had assaulted the colony's government and its

Similar Essays

How Different Was English Christianity In The Reign Of Elizabeth I (1558 1603) From That Of Roger Martyn (Born C.1527)?

841 words - 4 pages . This was a constitution that had strong ties to Christian doctrines and teachings. This marked the beginning of centuries of religious conflict and led to the seizure of church properties by the state in the late 1530’s. Equally important, the central conducts of Christianity were harmonised by the way Catholic Churches were adorned. ‘Church buildings provided not only the location for collective observance, but also visual inspiration’ (Wolffe

How Priestely Uses The Characters In An Inspector Calls To Show Us The Social And Political Situation In England In 1912

2476 words - 10 pages How Priestely Uses the Characters in An Inspector Calls to Show Us the Social and Political Situation in England in 1912 'An Inspector Calls' is set in 1912 England. The British Empire was very wealthy, successful and powerful however things were beginning to change. J.B.Priestley wrote the play in 1940, reflecting the changes that took place to both the social and political aspects of life in 1912. The Birling household is

What Factors In The Present Situation Of Hong Kong Explain This Sudden Surge Of Interest In Tsang’s Works?

2073 words - 9 pages compensation in return. As his protests against this ‘unjust’, Tsang who was an ordinary garbage man, began to write diary entries in the form of Chinese graffiti all over the city. These word collages consisted the names of his family members, his ancestors, his comments on Hong Kong’s politics and several obscenities towards the queen of England. Phrases such as ‘Down with the queen’ in Chinese were very commonly found in his works. King of Kowloon was a

This Piece Of Work Is A Market Research Into Mcdonalds And Its Current Situation In Terms Of Sales, Problems And Marketing Issues

3039 words - 12 pages recent years and especially in 2003 as government pressure groups and media focus their scrutiny on the food and drink industry. This is due to the increasing obesity and other health issues. The UK government and the European Community are putting pressure on the food industry to tackle the problems facing the public.4.0.2Economic factorsThe impact of the slow down in the western economies is having a notable effect on the businesses. McDonald