The Threat of China
With the end of the Cold War emerged two superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union. The international system then was considered bipolar, a system where power is distributed in which two states have the majority of military, economic, and cultural influence both internationally and regionally. In this case, spheres of influence developed, meaning Western and democratic states fell under the influence of U.S. while most communist states were under the influence of the Soviet Union. Today, the international system is no longer bipolar, since only one superpower can exist, and indisputably that nation is the United States. However China is encroaching on this title with their rapid growth educationally, economically, and militaristically.
In the race to be the best, China is clearly outperforming the United States. China has strong economic fundamentals¬ such as “a high savings rate, huge labor pool, and powerful work ethic” (Rachman, Gideon. "Think Again: American Decline). Their economy has grown an astonishing 9-10% over the past thirty years; almost double of what it used to be decades ago. China is also the “world’s greatest manufacturer and its greatest market” (Rachman). The continuing growth of China's economy is a source of concern for not only the U.S. but surrounding nations as well. One could argue that the U.S. need not worry about China’s growth because of the spread of globalization and that western ideologies would influence China to turn to democracy. Yet China has still managed to “incorporate censorship and one party rule with continuing economic success” (Rachman) and remains a communist country. Hypothetically, even if China does resort to a democratic state, this does not guarantee better relations. Countries surrounding China such as India and Brazil are democratic, yet they do not side with the U.S. on major global issues. During global climate-change talks, India and Brazil still sided with communist China. Even Turkey for being a more democratic nation is now even more Islamic; both Turkey and Brazil voted against the United States at the United Nations on sanctions against Iran, and “that is just a taste of things to come” according to Rachman.
With the buildup of their military adeptness comes the rising fear of a more assertive China. In conjunction with increased spending in their military, over the last two decades in particular, China has improved the quality, technical capabilities, and effectiveness of its enlistees and officers (Rachman). China has also developed new missile and anti-satellite technology as well. They have worked vigorously towards sophisticating and strengthening their missiles, which is a point of concern. On the contrary, the United States is funding its military power through deficit spending; this reliance on foreign lending will make it more vulnerable as the increasing national debt poses the number one threat to U.S. national security (Rachman). ...