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The Threat Of The Haqqani Network

2267 words - 10 pages

In the current 21st century, Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO’s) have arisen in abundance throughout the world. These organizations do not only wreak havoc in their own region, but they proceed to terrorize the lives of civilians and political figures in foreign nations as well. An organization that the United States could consider a terroristic threat may not be considered a threat to another nation; this international dilemma generally correlates with the nation in questions definition of terrorism, based off of the social context and the social construct (the way people view reality) in that particular nations region at the time. A social context can be described as “the historical, ...view middle of the document...

One of few ways that the Haqqani Network is unlike other groups in the region is that they are not set out for global jihad; rather they seek to establish is primarily in their region. Despite their differences in goals with other terrorist organizations, the Haqqani family receives its religious, ideological and spiritual support from al-Qaeda, Taliban, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, Lashkar-e Taiba, and countless others that are seeking to spread Islam throughout the world, and possibly rid the region of western influence.
The Haqqani Network has an interesting historical background, which interestingly involves the United States as a financial supporter. During the Soviet Afghan War the Haqqani Network remained financially and militarily stable as a result of the CIA, ISI and Saudi Arabia. Since its development this family tribe has remained stable threw organized crime, actual businesses, the ISI, and other terrorist groups. In the 1970s when Prime Minister Mohammad Daud Khan overthrew king Mohammad Zahir Shah, Jalaluddin Haqqani and “his followers, many of whom were royalists supporting the king, traveled to Pakistan to receive military training to combat Daud’s new regime” (Dressler, 2010, p. 7). Upon the assassination of Daud, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan which would mark the start of the Soviet Afghan War. As the war developed so did Jalaluddins control Loya-Paktia tribal region which further led to waging of war against the Soviets. As Haqqani became a reputable leader he gained close ties to famous al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden; this relationship would continue on into present day. According to Dressler; “Haqqani received the majority of the ‘war materials’ being sent to the afghan front lines, including Stinger missiles, weapons, ammunition, provisions, and cash. American officials were even known to meet with Haqqani in his stronghold of Miram Shah, describing him as a “unilateral asset” (Dressler, 2010, p. 12). The United States played a significant role in the development of the Haqqani Network in the 1900s, likely suspecting that they would not be an issue to American interests in years to come; at the time America’s goal of limiting Soviet expansion throughout South Asia made sense. It has been said that even “Jalaluddin Haqqani himself was a CIA informant” (Stanford, 2010). There were many significant days in history for the development and recognition of the Haqqani Network and family, one of which being October of 2001 when Haqqani was appointed as the Taliban military commander; it is believed today that Haqqani aided Osama bin Laden to a safe passage to Pakistan after the U.S invasion of Afghanistan. Today it is believed that Jalaluddin’s son Sirajuddin Haqqani is the primary leader of the Haqqani Network, it is likely that the group is under a joint leadership.
In 1996 when the Taliban took over Afghanistan, Haqqani began to thrive in their small knit organization. For the past decade the Haqqani Network...

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