The Three Empires Essay

1085 words - 4 pages

Post Classical politics first came to be when Kong Fuzi or Confucius brought it up during the classical era. Confucius was an educator and a political advisor. At the time, China was experiencing problems and Confucius helped to settle everything. He passed his knowledge on to students who then created analects which are political and cultural traditions that Confucius had taught. Confucius was a very wise man. He did not answer philosophical questions because it did not help to solve the problems at hands and he refused to answer religious question because it was too complex for mere human beings to understand. He believed that political and social harmony came from appropriate arrangements of human relationships with one another. To him, the country should not have been ruled by someone born into power, but to someone who was erudite and incredibly meticulous. When the post classical era came around Yang Jian brought China back to an un-centralized rule after their collapse during the Han dynasty. During the Tang Dynasty they came up with the “bureaucracy based on merit” (Bentley and Zeigler, p. 378) or by recruiting government officials.
As in terms of economics, China grew prosperous through trade, military expansion, invention of tools and other means of convenience and through the market economy. From the Han Dynasty China began to build again. The Sui Dynasty constructed the Grand Canal. The Grand Canal was an artificial canal that extended 1,240 miles. It enabled merchants and farmers to travel by water, selling an abundance of rice and other crops. This canal was extremely expensive but throughout the years paid itself off by providing travel routes north and south of China. The Sui Dynasty also built palaces, granaries, repaired defense walls, dispatched military forces, charged high taxes and mandated hard labor to their people. During the Tang Dynasty they acquired an excellent transportation and communication network. They brought inns, postal stations and stables through their routes to provide convenience to their travelers. The Tang Dynasty also came up with distribution of land by equal-field system. This allowed families who lost their land during the Han Dynasty to get some back. A fifth of the land went back to the families and their blood line while the rest became property that could be resold when the owner needed to sell them. Their military forces were also stretched throughout the land to keep order through the land. When China went into Vietnam they brought a new crop back to their land. Rice grew quickly allowing an increase of food supply. They improved iron plows using oxen and water buffalos to prepare the land. They also organized an irrigation system that made farming easier with the rough terrain. The Tang Dynasty invented porcelain, gun powder, printing capabilities, naval technology, paper and improved metal. The market economy also played a big role. Restaurants, noodle shops, taverns, tea houses, brothels,...

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