The Tikal Mayan Civilization Essay

1174 words - 5 pages

Forgotten and lost, this city laid wrapped in vegetation, covered with forest it once commanded. Its temples as side trees, webbed with vines, and walls of ferns. Tropical rain lashing at the crumbling surfaces of stone architecture built by armies of workers. The darkness of the night guided by owls and the day by parrot shrieks. Statues of gods lay along the remaining stone hedges. It was not till 1839 the American lawyer John Lloyd Stephens and English artist Fredrick Caterwood, rediscovered the magnificence of the Tikal Mayan civilization. Development in the Mayan society began with hunters and gatherers leading to sedentary life and agriculture. Then early Maya civic then the highest point of the Tikal at middle Maya civilization.

The word Tikal in Maya translates as "place of spirits." The city of Tikal thrived and expanded from 800 B.C. Until AD 900, spanning most of the known periods of Archaeological classification. At its peak around AD 750 100,000 lived here today known as the Guatemalan rain forest. Tikal is located west of Caribbean of the Gulf of Mexico. The site contains hieroglyphics, steal, paintings, engravings and hundreds of structures in excellent condition, including the tallest pyramid the Maya ever built.

The low land setting of the Maya Civilization was varied, depended upon a rain cycle, not always reliable. The land mass occupies a significant part of modern Mexico, comprising of the eastern parts, spreading to all northwestern high kinds. The weather varied due to?

The wooden lintels, writing, and the unique calendar reveal clues about life in a society that thrived for over 1000 years. Many massive building are visible today, those built to pay tribute to kings and to please the deities. The Mayans excelled in arts, astronomy, and glyphic writing. The Ancient Maya took pride in artwork, creating masks to dedicate to the dead, sculpting that recorded history of time.

The Maya who live in the area today share 28 languages, although it is believed only two of these languages, Chol and Yucatec were used in ancient times as a basis for hieroglyphic script. It appears that Tikal was a receiver of goods and position surrounded by enemies. The most important was they possessed a written script by which they recorded their own history chartering all historical account.

While the Maya diet varies, depending on the local geography, maize remains as the primary source of food. Maze nutritionally complete was made with lime and boiled and grounded to formed into flat tortillas that are cooked on a griddle supported by 3 stoves. Families had farms of Chile peppers, beans and squash. Agriculture was based on slash and burn farming, which required that a field be left follow for five to fifteen years after a few years of cultivation. Protein harvest gatherers fishing with hunting with bows, arrows, spear, blawghts, traps, snare, most desirable food was deer, rabbits, birds, and monkeys. Fish and shell were also...

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