One of the most horrendous hate crimes is sweeping the nation: bullying. What is a bully? As defined by Oxford Dictionaries, a bully is “a person who uses strength or influence to harm or intimidate those who are weaker” (oxforddictionaries.com). In most situations when the term “bully” is mentioned, the mental image of the grotesque creature standing over a small child is created. This is not always the case, however. Bullying takes place daily and in more forms than physical brutality. While physical bullying is serious, there is also indirect bullying, verbal bullying, and cyber bullying.
The most commonly known and understood form is physical bullying. This is the case when the weaker of the two (or more)—the victim—is physically abused in order for the dominant of the two (or more)—the bully—to gain something. What is to be gained is determined on a case-to-case scenario—money, power, status, etc.
As to why the bully bullies, there is a spectrum of reasons. The bully could come from a rough home life, for example. Picture, if you will—his father is in jail for theft and his mother is always out of the house. The child has no proper guidance in his life, so he takes after his father and uses his brute strength to beat lunch money out of another student. In this scenario, the victim goes to a reliable teacher and his parents. The school takes disciplinary action towards the student; however, in this scenario the punishment is not reinforced at home. Now that the bully has been reprimanded by the school principal, he is now even more abusive towards on the original victim, and seeks more students to further release his rage.
While physical bullying can harm another human being, likewise, verbal bullying, or verbal abuse, hurts as well, if not more. Verbal abuse takes place in many direct forms, for instance name calling, written or spoken insults, threats, etc. And not only can verbal bullying take place directly, there are indirect approaches to verbal abuse; namely spreading rumors, or spreading stories of someone, and the list continues.
In contrast to physical bullying, verbal abuse does not leave any visible scars on the body; but it will leave scars to someone’s mind. Mental disorders are just one repercussion that can occur after verbal abuse has taken its toll on someone. The most common mental disorders that are left after a lot of verbal abuse are anxiety and depression. Anxiety can lead to panic attacks, lack of school attendance, and most importantly a lack of performance both in and out of the school setting. Anxiety can also lead to depression. Depression can have more severe long-term effects on a person, as well as anxiety. People are left sad and miserable, and unable to function on a day-to-day basis. In the most severe cases, death or suicide can occur from such torment.
Another type of verbal bullying is indirect bullying. Indirect bullying occurs when two or more people bully someone else without directly...