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The Toltec, Aztec, And Mayan Indian Tribes

571 words - 2 pages

The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes

The Toltecs were an Indian tribe who existed from 900 A.D. to 1200. They
had a capital city of Tollan, and their influences reached south to the
Yucatan and Guatemala. They were a composite tribe of Nahua, Otomi, and
Nonoalca. The Tolt ecs made huge stone columns decorated like totem poles.

Aztecs were an American Indian people who rule an empire in Mexico during
the 1400's and early 1500's. They practiced a religion that affected every
part of their lives. To worship the Aztecs built towering temples, created
huge sculptures, and had human sacrifices. The center of Aztec
civilization was a river valley in Mexico. The emperor of the Aztecs was
called the "huey tlatoani" (great speaker). A council of high-ranking no
bles chose him from the members of a royal family. The Aztec society had
four main classes nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves. The typical Aztec
household consisted of a husband and wife, their unmarried children, and a
number of the husbands relative s. Boys were educated by their father
until aboutn 10 years of age. The Aztecs married at an early age, women at
about 16, men at about 20. Warfare was considered a religious duty by the
Aztecs. They fought not only to enlarge their empire but also to take
prisoners to sacrifice to the gods. The market place was a major center of
Aztec life, more than 60,000 people visited it daily. They had no system
of money, they traded goods and services for other goods and services. They
had no pack-animals, a nd as a result, they themselves had to carry all
their goods over land. The end of the Aztec empire came when the Spaniards
came. The first time the Spaniards were mistaken for returning gods. When

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