The Totalitarian Government Of 1984 A Novel Written By George Orwell

1444 words - 6 pages

The novel 1984 is written by George Orwell post war as a depiction of the future. Only three superstates exist: Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. The novel takes place in Airstrip One, Oceania, which is the novel’s version of present day London. The superstate Oceania is a totalitarian state and is dictated by an enigmatic figure named Big Brother, who may not even exist. A group called the Inner Party works for Big Brother and everything they do is part of the effort to gain total control over the inhabitants of Oceania. With no liberty, rights, or independent actions, the citizens of Oceania become less human and are instead more like faithful robots of the Party. In the novel 1984, by George Orwell, the citizens of Oceania are deprived of individualism as a result of the manipulation the government exerts to gain control over the individuals physically, emotionally and psychologically.
The citizens experience a deficiency of identity as a result of the way the government physically controls them. Big Brother monitors every move each individual makes; nothing goes unnoticed. Every face made, the way one’s body reacts to different situations, everything said and everything done, is overseen by the government. If the way one acts is abnormal, it is believed that citizen is rebelling: “The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself…” (Orwell 65). The Party keeps everyone under constant surveillance using telescreens. A telescreen is a device that is both a television and a security camera. Big Brother also exercises physical control by forcing all citizens to watch specific broadcasts, wear specific clothing and perform specific tasks. Citizens are forced to participate in workout sessions that are podcast over the telescreens. They are also forced to watch all the news the Party selects, creates, and projects on the telescreens. They bring negative attention to an individual if they are not behaving appropriately, as it is a crime not to watch or participate. All of the inhabitants of Oceania are given the same clothes to wear. It is hard to identify people from one another when they not only look, but act the same. The government chooses where each citizen works and the citizens themselves do not have a say. Most residents of Oceania have similar jobs, if not the same. Violence also controls the population. Many become obsessed with war and are constantly in hiding as bombs frequently infiltrate Airstrip One. When war prisoners are driven through town, the citizens are expected to yell at them and have anger show on their face. Big Brother looks at one as a traitor if they do not do what is desired. Torture is the biggest contributor to the Party’s physical control. If the inhabitants do not follow the rules or act how they are expected, it results in torture at the Ministry of Love. Big Brother does this in attempt to shape the individuals’ minds into believing their ways....

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