The Roaring Twenties was the most transformative decade of United States history. It was an explosive time of great change when traditional ways clashed against innovative mindsets. It was an era where the youth crossed the line in everything and the thing to do on Friday nights was swing dancing to Jazz artists like Bessie Smith and Duke Ellington. The 1920’s was an age of prohibition, prosperity, and eventually downfall. How did the social revolution of the Roaring Twenties drive social, economic, and political change in the 20th century?
The 1920’s was an era that would dominate the rest of the 20th century. New technologies transformed the social standards of daily life and were vital in ...view middle of the document...
The 1920’s was the first decade of the century where the use of electricity in homes began to be commonplace. By 1930, more than two thirds of all American homes had electricity. The rise of interest in electric appliances was due to the average employee’s purchasing power being increased by thirty-two percent from 1914 to 1928().
Beyond that, the radio evermore changed America’s views on sports with Babe Ruth in baseball. The hype of football, basketball, and baseball today would have never been possible without this transformative piece of technology. The new technology of the 1920’s allowed professional sports to become a form of massive entertainment that would attract millions of fans. The technology of the 1920’s also created the emphasis on celebrities with paparazzi in the current 21st century. The technology caused celebrities to gain instant publicity and suddenly many Americans were able to pay attention to celebrities’ personal lives.
Moreover, industries were able to keep up with the growing demand by increasing productivity through scientific management techniques such as the assembly line, which broke up production into smaller tasks, eventually lowering the cost of the automobile. The impact of this modern mastery of technology led to fewer jobs in hiring housemaids because the appliances eased housework and the automobile decreased the need for delivery systems. While this is true, the automobile did lead to an increase in jobs in the construction of 400,000 new roads and highways(). The Model T not only forever changed transportation, but also sparked the social revolution among teenagers.
Women stopped wearing modest heavy corsets and began to wear revealing dresses with translucent silk hose. Women who adopted this edgier style were called flappers and were known as stylish and adventurous. Elder generations watched in horror at what appeared to be a breakdown of America’s moral standards. To combat this depravity, opposing activists tried to censor books and magazines with sexual characteristics. This marked the first time that freedom of speech was contradicted and developed the issue whether censorship was a violation or a form of protection. United States courts are still struggling with this issue today.
Meanwhile Republicans pro-business policies would lead to the booming economy of the 1920’s. The primary goal of President Harding’s business administration was to let capitalists reign by providing less government in business and more business in government. The secretary of commerce, Andrew Mellow, advised the decision to eliminate the loftier wartime taxes on wealthy Americans. Ultimately, this would allow the economy to grow because the rich would have more money to invest. In turn, all standards of living would rise because there would be a trickle down effect of jobs and higher wages to the lower classes. The key concept of Harding’s Administration was that government should not interfere with the economy except...