This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Transnationalism Of 4 Months, 3 Weeks And 2 Days

1811 words - 8 pages

4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days is a Romanian film, written, directed and produced by Cristian Mungiu. It was released in 2007 under the label of Mobra Films Production, the independent company established by Mungiu himself and the film’s director of photography, Oleg Mutu. The motion picture is considered to be the international breakthrough of the Romanian New Wave, winning various awards including the prestigious Palme d’Or and the FIPRESCI Award at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. (Dawson 2009)
The story is set in an unnamed provincial city in Romania, where Otilia (Anamaria Marinca) and Găbiţa (Laura Vasiliu) share the same room in a student dormitory. They are University colleagues during the last years of communism. In 1966, a law banning abortion was imposed in Romania. Being 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days pregnant, Găbita finally settles for an illegal abortion. Otilia rents a room in a cheap hotel, and in the afternoon they are going to meet Mr. Bebe (Vlad Ivanov), a back-alley abortionist. (Porton 2009)
The transnationalism of the movie is represented by Cristian Mungiu’s approach to the controversial issue of abortion. The film crew utilizes various techniques and emotional angles to portray a frightful reality, as opposed to Hollywood’ treatment of the same issue. Jason Reitman’s Oscar winning motion picture, Juno (2007), disclosed a more familial and friendly overview. The way in which Mungiu sketched the theme of abortion is endorsed by the historical context of communism, or how the totalitarian dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu had reached such an in-depth level of protrusion that it also affects the intimate life. It creates an everyday scale of historical opposition to totalitarianism enforced by the relationship between the two main characters, or the cinematographic techniques that portray a distressed and sober pre-1989 communist Romania. (Uricaru 2008) Andrew Higson’s model of national cinema can be used to define 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days’ transnationalism by outlining the concept of national cinema in relation to the Romanian cinema.
Andrew Higson’s model considers the implications that stem from the concept of ‘national’ by pondering the paradigms of both the site of consumption, and the site of production. Classifications such as economic, text, or consumption based terms aid in defining the concept of national cinema by specifying a certain coherence and unity on domestic premises, or by creating an impression of ‘otherness’ through comparison with other cinemas, such as Hollywood. Furthermore, he extrapolates the definition of national cinema against Hollywood by looking into national, political, economic and cultural identities and set of traditions. Ultimately, it creates criticism towards national cinemas supported by its reduction to terms of quality art, such as ‘a culturally worthy cinema […], rather than one that appeals to the desires and fantasies of the popular audiences.’ (Higson 2002, p. 53)
The two...

Find Another Essay On The transnationalism of 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days

World War 1: Changing attitudes to war in Britain and Germany focusing on four key times. 1)Outbreak, 2)Christmas 1914, 3)After the Battle of the Somme and 4) Mid 1918

1830 words - 7 pages for one's country; all encouraged this old virtue. So it was that the naïve men of Europe marched off amidst wild parades of frenzied patriotism. Unfortunately, they would not be home for Christmas.Four months of fighting passed. Christmas came and Kitchener's sobering yet logical July prediction was realized. By the time Christmas trees were going up, Germany's Schlieffen Plan had failed, the race to the sea had ended, a 700km trench line had

PART 1 INFECTIOUS DISEASEs – Tinea pedis. Part 2 problems relating to antibiotic resistance PART 3 cataracts and cataract surgery. Part 4 cochlear implants

1970 words - 8 pages is capable of diversifying its spread by human to animal contact and vice versa (Alternative Medicine Encyclopedia, 2005).SymptomsThe first most common symptom that appears with Tinea pedis is that the skin becomes itchy and reddens. After a few days or weeks it worsens where scaling, inflammation occur and blisters form. Furthermore, when the blisters break raw patches of tissue form and are exposed, this can cause a secondary bacterial infection

One Week of Vacation, Two weeks of Deathly Illness, And Four Months of Reincarnation

1183 words - 5 pages Colorado, I went skiing at the Key Stone Park, then tubing down the mounting too. One of the days we went snowmobiled up to Georgia Pass. After we went up the mounting we stood on the continental divide. It was 11,585 feet high, that divides the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Then we left from snowmobiling and went back to the hotel. The next morning was Christmas and was snow in so we stand in and met everyone that was there. We met few people

Work Cited 1.<Tab/>www.nas.com/downsyn/ 2.<Tab/>www.ndss.org/ 3.<Tab/>www.ds-health.com 4.<Tab/>www.downs-syndrome.org.uk/ 5.<Tab/>www.downsyndrome.com/

787 words - 3 pages and may be treated with medications, while others may require surgery. All babies with Down syndrome should be examined by a pediatric cardiologist, a doctor who specializes in heart diseases of children, and have an echocardiogram in the first 2 months of life so that any heart defects can be treated. About 10 percent of babies with Down syndrome are born with intestinal malformations that require surgery. More than 50 percent have some visual

Transnationalism: The Study of Population Moves

1862 words - 7 pages "As a theoretical construct about immigrant life and identity, transnationalism aptly suits the study of population movements in a world where improved modes of transport, as well as the images that are transmitted by means of modern telecommunications have shortened the social distance between sending and receiving countries." An immigrant's ability to adapt to a different nation has become an easier task than it was before. Customs

Summary of the gospel of mark ch 3 and 4

1029 words - 4 pages Mark 3 & 4Jesus entered the synagogue again, and a man was there that had a withered hand. So they watched him closely, whether he would heal him on the Sabbath, so they might accuse him.And he said to the man who had the withered hand, "Step forward."Then he said to them, "Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to or to kill." But they kept silent.And when he looked around at them with anger, being grieved by

Hidden Agendas in Woodstock: 3 Days of Peace and Music

3487 words - 14 pages fact so that if all movies decided to create a “history” that never happened, a large percentage of the American population would fall victim to their chicanery. [3] Through a discussion of how history has been maneuvered within films, specifically Woodstock: 3 Days of Peace and Music, I pose the question of how closely should our films be monitored for historical inaccuracies. This serves to benefit those in the viewing audiences who

Keohane and Nye’s theories of Complex Interdependence and Transnationalism

1940 words - 8 pages Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye discussed interdependence and transnationalism in their first publication, ‘Power and Interdependence’ released in 1977. The release coincided with the United Nations (UN) decade of Development where states pushed towards economic growth and social advancement. The 70’s was also a particularly quiet time during the Cold War and was when the European Community (EC) really came to fruition. The world was moving

The Seven Weeks War and its Effects

1447 words - 6 pages . "German Unification, covering 1805-71" n. pag. Online. Internet. 26 Jan. 2000. Available http://www.argonet.co.uk/user/mseaborn/hist/germany/notas.html, 1-3 "German Unification", 1-3 "An Investigation into the role of Bismarck and the Zollverein in German Unification" 10 Nov. 1999: n. pag. Online. Internet. 13 Feb. 2000. Available www.hogarth.demon.co.uk/Euro/Germany6.html "German Unification", 3-3-2 Fritz Stern, Gold and Iron

Significance of Section 3 and 4 of the Human Rights Act 1998

1738 words - 7 pages The power to strike down Acts of Parliament is defined as the power to declare legislation invalid because it is unconstitutional. This paper will critically assess sections 3 and 4 of the HRA 1998 by defining them, reviewing case law surrounding their use, and by evaluating the powers that they give to the judiciary. By doing so, it will demonstrate that section 3 gives judges powers that are not significantly different from the power to

The craziest two weeks of my life

667 words - 3 pages It all started thirteen days ago, the craziest two weeks of my life. I was on the phone with a friend who just got done saying, "what a boring day this is." I said" things haven't been this bad since I moved to Pittsburgh." Just as I was done saying that I saw a bright light in the alley. When I looked outside my car was in my driveway in a ball of flames. "I've got to go," is all I said before hanging up on my friend and

Similar Essays

Walden And Henry David Thoreau All About Throeau's 2 Years 2 Months And 2 Days At Walden Pond

641 words - 3 pages to keep things as simple as possible, he meant it. For example, he only had 3 chairs in his house, and to most people that would be crazy, but when you think about it, how many chairs do you actually need? Or how many rooms do you need? Thoreau also said that it was amazing how he could fit 25-30 people in his tiny house, and how that brought him and all of his visitors closer together. "I could not but notice some of the peculiarities of my

Define And Compare Between The Following Interpretations Of Globalization (About 600 Words). 1. Optimistic. 2. Pessimistic. 3. Traditionalist. 4. Transformationlist

720 words - 3 pages between them, also how globalization affects culture, economy and policy.References:-(1) Lucas Michael (2000) Understanding Business Environments, London.(2) http://cejsh.icm.edu.pl/cejsh/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?04PLAAAA0008208 (accessed 30 Dec 2008)(3) http://cejsh.icm.edu.pl/cejsh/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?04PLAAAA0008208 (accessed 30 Dec 2008)(4) Held David (2003) an introduction To the Social Science: Understanding Social Change, United Kingdom.4) Kelly Bob (2003) an introduction To the Social Science: Understanding Social Change, United Kingdom.

As A Director If 'twelfth Night,' Explain How You Would Exploit The Comic Potential Of Act 3 Scene 4 And Act 4 Scene 2. Gcse A Grade

2442 words - 10 pages clothes in a simple colour. This would make it easier for him to put on a gown over the top. In his disguise as Master Topas, Feste also wears a beard, not because he needs it as Malvolio can't see it but because it helps him feel more in character and is also more appealing to an audience.In Act 3 scene 4 and in Act 4 scene 2, the humour is a mixture of ironic humour, visual humour and erudite humour. An example of ironic humour is in Act 3

Inception Review Written In 2 Days Level 3 Ncea Essay

823 words - 4 pages magnitude, Nolan retired the project, working on: Batman Begins, The Prestige and 2008’s The Dark Knight. With these powerhouse films, Inception was was bound to be a storming success. Revising the project after 6 months, Warner Bros purchased the script in February 2009. And, thank God they did! Ha! When you thought Nolan couldn’t top his latest Batman picture in any way, shape or form. In July of 2010, theatres packed out with an eagerness to see the