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The Treatment Of Phobias Essay

1026 words - 4 pages

Everyone in life has fears, it’s a natural way our brains process certain objects or situations that may be dangerous. Common fears may be heights or spiders; some would rationally go out of their way to avoid these, but this is quite different from having a phobia. A phobia is an irrational distress with a particular object or concept/idea. Although fears are well known now, they do not have to disrupt the lives of those who are living them. Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in facilitating clinical treatment of injections.
Several people today suffer from travel phobia, yet there is little data regarding the phobia. The purpose of this study was to review the usefulness of a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia from a cognitive behavioral therapy. Such technique used for the study was Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for a 184 person case from a rehabilitation provider. The reasoning for these particular tests was to enact a full body approach where as it tested all stimulated to the body instead of just one part. This was interesting because instead of focusing on the brain and how it functions, it focuses its method on full body awareness and really having the body get involved when consulting a phobia. A method that is somewhat controversial is using in vivo exposure; this refers to the direct confrontation with the stimulus of fear (object, activities, or situations). In vivo exposure is less strong as some might want to admit. This type of methods is only beneficial for certain phobias such as: animal, water and height). After the London bombings of 7 July, 2005 the survivors suffered from public transport. When introduced to in vivo exposure the patients showed an increase of PTSD symptoms (Handley, Salkovskis, & Ehlers, 2008). When performing the study 125 people received TF-CBT, and the remaining 59 received ‘EMDR + in vivo exposure’. In results there was a clear sign of reduction in mild travel anxiety with up to 7.3 sessions. Although, there were found that one treatment would be more beneficial than the other in terms of reduction of symptoms of anxiety, depression, PTSD. Overall the signs of Travel Phobia and anxiety were reduced in both methods of treatments giving the researchers plenty of evidence for being successful in a trauma-focused treatment plan.
The study case of children phobia is not like others present before it, this case suggests that that to decrease a phobia is should be multi-method, multi-informant, and developmentally sensitive. Another aspect that differs from others is that it will assess the home-living of children as well as their caregivers. Their study examined predictors of treatment outcome for 106 phobic and anxious youth (aged 6 to 17 years) and their parents....

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