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The Treaty Of Versailles Had A Major Impact On The Weimar Republic In The Years 1919 – 1929

1304 words - 5 pages

The treaty of Versailles had a major impact on the Weimar Republic in the years 1919 - 1929, however there were greater social and political factors that impacted the stability of the republic during this time. Following the end of the First World War in November of 1919, the German Political system was abolished and replaced with a republic. A new constitution was established to govern the new Weimar Republic. This constitution was based around the strict limitations and regulations implemented by the Treaty of Versailles. The peace treaty signed at the end of WWI played a major part in the inability to establish political and social stability in Germany in the period 1919 - 1929. However, the actions of German Chancellors, a major case of hyperinflation, the limitations of the new Weimar Constitution and the continual revolutionary attempts from both left and right wing protagonists made German stability almost impossible. It therefore must be seen that although the Treaty of Versailles affected the Weimar Republic there were clear factors that led to a period of major political economical and social instability.At the end of the First World War, the victorious allies of Britain, France and Germany met in the French city of Versailles to discuss the nature of post world Europe. The Treaty of Versailles outlined the make-up of the post war continent and also the fate of the defeated Germany. Their heads of Government represented the "Big 3". The French by Georges Clemenceau, the British by David Lloyd George and the USA by Woodrow Wilson. Clemenceau wanted to make Germany pay for the war by totally stripping them of all resources and political privileges. Lloyd George wanted to re-establish the trade links with Germany that had been so lucrative pre-war whilst also ensuring European Peace. Whilst Woodrow Wilson wanted his "14 point plan" to be the basis of a League of Nations that would ensure political communication and peace throughout the world. The Treaty of Versailles stripped Germany of many of its political rights. Germany was stripped of all colonies, banned from the League of Nations and its military shrunk to just 100 000 men as well as reparations of 6.6 billion and 12% of Germanys territory was taken away. These limitations greatly affected the social stability of Germany. Many Germans at the time believed they had won the war and were set for European dominance. The limitations placed on the country following the Treaty of Versailles led to a period of low social morale and greatly affected German nationalism. The affected German psyche meant the Weimar Republic was destined to fail. The men who signed the Treaty of Versailles were branded the November Criminals as they had robbed Germany of its national identity. The Weimar Constitution was rejected by the German people from the time it was established leading to political instability and a lack of trust in the republic. This lack of trust stemmed from the harsh nature of the...

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