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The Truth About Lung Cancer Essay

1585 words - 7 pages

Do you know what Lung Cancer is? Expanding your knowledge on Lung Cancer can save your life or the life of someone you may know. Learning about the demographics and statistics of lung cancer might make you realize that it is a serious issue that should be taken more into consideration. Here, you will get an understanding on how to prevent lung cancer from happening, and you will also learn how to treat lung cancer if diagnosed.
Lung Cancer occurs when a person has abnormal cells that are uncontrollably growing in one or both lungs. Abnormal cells function very differently than normal cells and they do not develop into healthy tissue. Abnormal cell growth can decrease the amount of oxygen getting to the body via blood by developing tumors and interfering with the functioning of the lungs (Lung, n.d.). Cells in the body contain a genetic material referred to as DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). When cells mature they divide into 2 new cells by duplicating its DNA. This means that cells make an exact copy of themselves in order to allow our bodies to maintain a normal healthy lifestyle. When an abnormal cell begins to mature in our body, it will also duplicate itself forming other abnormal cells in our body. This is known as an error, or mutation in a cell’s DNA which is known to be the beginning of cancer. There are many possible causes to DNA mutation such as normal aging, cigarette smoke, inhaling asbestos fibers, and excessive exposure to radon gas (Lung, n.d.). All though it takes a series of mutations to develop lung cancer, one mutation divides into two mutations which divide into four mutations and so on. In this chain reaction, each abnormal cell passes on its abnormal genes to the next cell it divides into, causing the series needed to create lung cancer. It may not seem that lung cancer develops in the average human being too frequently, but the reality is that it could happen to you.
The American Cancer Society suggests that lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women and is without a doubt the number one cause of cancer death among both genders. To give you a better idea of about how many people die from lung cancer let’s compare the death rates of the most common cancers in men and women. If you combine the death rates of prostate cancer, breast cancer and even colon cancer each year, more people still die from lung cancer alone (American Cancer Society, 2014). In the United States for 2014 there is an estimated 223,210 new cases of lung cancer, 116,000 being from men and 108,210 being from women. The American Cancer Society also estimates 159,260 deaths from lung cancer, 86,930 being from men and 72,330 being from women, which accounts for approximately 27% of all cancer deaths (American Cancer Society, 2014). Lung Cancer typically develops the most in the elderly population. Approximately 2 out of 3 people who have lung cancer are over the age of 65. Research shows that less than 2% of...

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