Every year doctors diagnose thousands of adults and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Due to the growing awareness of autism and recent developments in technology, scientists and doctors can now discover and observe the effects of autism on society, and people. Starting with its discovery, researchers have been able to diagnose people more effectively. Doctors are beginning to discover what causes this disorder, and are currently trying to find ways to prevent and treat it. Many places have opened their doors to people with this disorder, creating autistic friendly environments where people are patient and understanding. Schools have also become accommodating to autistic children and adults. Autism also puts great strain on family and home lives.
In 1943, Leo Kanner observed eleven children, each with similar behavioral patterns, and published a paper in which he stared,” The condition differs markedly and uniquely from any reported so far” (Miller). Although many cases of autism, and autism-like disorders appeared before throughout history, no one ever properly defined this disorder until Kanner’s paper. The first said to mention the word autism was Martin Luther during the Protestant Reformation, while describing a severally autistic boy, but this is a doubted speculation. The first to medically coin the term autism was Hans Asperger. Even though, he thought he was observing autism, he was actually observing and describing Asperger Syndrome, which doctors realized was a different disorder in 1981 (“Who discovered Autism?”).
Autism does not affect every one the exact same way. Although people with autism do show, a lot of similar behavioral patters. Usually people with autism will make little to no eye contact. Eye contact makes them feel uncomfortable. Many autistic people do not really care for any unfamiliar company. If there is someone they have never met, they really do not want to meet them. Sometimes autistic children have a hard time putting their thoughts into words. This makes them upset and can cause tantrums, not because they cannot behave, but because they are frustrated that people cannot understand them (Smoak). There are ways to tell if a child has autism as early as infancy. Many times infants with autism will miss important milestones in their mental development, such as smiling back when smiled at, making and holding eye contact, and reaching for bright colors. Sometimes parents do not notice these missed milestones. This accounts for the children diagnosed with autism in later ages. This is when parents’ start noticing symptoms such as delayed speech or not responding when called by name. As autistic children grow older, parents may also notice a lack of interaction, a loss of speech, and even repetitive movements. It is important to know the signs of autism, so that parents do not overlook even the smallest milestones (Wiseman).
People with autism have several abnormalities in their brains. No one really knows...