This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Turing Test Essay

1415 words - 6 pages

One of the hottest topics that modern science has been focusing on for a long time is the field of artificial intelligence, the study of intelligence in machines or, according to Minsky, “the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by men”.(qtd in Copeland 1). Artificial Intelligence has a lot of applications and is used in many areas. “We often don’t notice it but AI is all around us. It is present in computer games, in the cruise control in our cars and the servers that route our email.” (BBC 1). Different goals have been set for the science of Artificial Intelligence, but according to Whitby the most mentioned idea about the goal of AI is provided by the Turing Test. This test is also called the imitation game, since it is basically a game in which a computer imitates a conversating human. In an analysis of the Turing Test I will focus on its features, its historical background and the evaluation of its validity and importance.

     First of all, the Test itself doesn’t really have any complex features.
As described by Haugeland, the procedure of the game is simple. Suppose that we have a person, a machine, and an interrogator. The interrogator is in a room separated from the other person and the machine. The participants in this game use teletypewriter to communicate with one another -- to avoid clues that might be offered by tone of voice, etc.The object of the game is for the interrogator to determine which of the other two is the person, and which is the machine. The interrogator knows the other person and the machine by the labels ‘X’ and ‘Y’ -- but, at least at the beginning of the game, does not know which of the other person and the machine is ‘X’ -- and at the end of the game says either ‘X is the person and Y is the machine’ or ‘X is the machine and Y is the person’.(29-30) The object of the machine is to try to cause the interrogator to mistakenly conclude that the machine is the other person; the object of the other person is to try to help the interrogator to correctly identify the machine.
If a machine passes the test, then it is clear that for many ordinary people it would be a sufficient reason to say that that is a thinking machine. And, in fact, since it is able to conversate with a human and to actually fool him and convince him that the machine is human, this would seem to us quite reasonable. The Turing Test seems to be able to give a simple answer to the complex problem of whether machines can think. In fact, its simplicity is one of the things that have made the Turing Test resist time and history.

     The Turing Test has had a rich history since its creation by Alan Turing. But first of all, who was Alan Turing? As Whitby notes Alan Turing was a superb British mathematician. During World War II Turing worked in secrecy for the British military to break the German military codes together with some other scientists using some...

Find Another Essay On The Turing Test

Essay on the life of Alan Turing and a discription of his life work

885 words - 4 pages after, he chose to study artificial intelligence and biological forms. He proposed a method called the Turing test, to determine whether machines had the ability to think. During World War II, Turing worked as a cryptographer for the British Foreign Office. In 1951, Turing was named a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1952, he began to publish his work on the mathematical aspects of pattern and form development in living organisms. In 1954, he

alan turing Essay

1088 words - 4 pages Alan Turning      Alan Turning is known to be a pioneer of many facets of the computer age. The digital computer, artificial intelligence, memory subroutines, the Turning Machine, the Turing Test, and the application of algorithms to computers are all ideas somehow related to this man. Alan Mathison Turing was born in Paddington, London, on June 23, 1912. He was a precocious child and began his interests in

Alan Turing

858 words - 4 pages and computability” (Hodges). Turing is also known for his work with artificial intelligence. In 1950, he designed a test to determine whether or not a computer has the ability to think, later called the Turing Test. In this test, a human asks questions to two responders. One is a computer and the other is a human, but the questioner does not know the identity of each. After asking questions and listening to their responses, the questioner then

This here is for philosophy I

657 words - 3 pages Andrew WestbrookPhilosophy 101Portfolio I2)Alan Turing was one of the great pioneers of the computer world. It is with his works that we now of the "The Turing Machine" and "Turing's Test." His research into the relationships between machines and nature created the field of artificial intelligence. His intelligence and foresight made him one of the first to step into the information age.Alan Turing was born in London on June 23, 1912. As a young

Turing, Searle, and Artificial Intelligence

1443 words - 6 pages The conditions of the present scenario are as follows: a machine, Siri*, capable of passing the Turing test, is being insulted by a 10 year old boy, whose mother is questioning the appropriateness of punishing him for his behavior. We cannot answer the mother's question without speculating as to what A.M. Turing and John Searle, two 20th century philosophers whose views on artificial intelligence are starkly contrasting, would say about this

Could a Robot Possess Genuine Understanding and Intelligence? Discuss with Relation to Searle’s Chinese Room Thought Experiment

1079 words - 4 pages Jake Radowski 1047 words Could a robot possess genuine understanding and intelligence? Discuss with relation to Searle's Chinese room thought experiment.In the contemporary age, as computing technology has advanced, many have differing beliefs as to whether the gap between a human's and computer's ability to think has become one and the same. The Turing test notions are often brought forward by those who believe that computers will one day

Why Machines Cannot Have Conciousness

1529 words - 7 pages possibly pass the Turing Test but not genuinely understand it. Moreover, the "Systems Reply" states that the whole system can understand Chinese, while the individual is a part of the system and can only understand English. Therefore, the individual would not understand Chinese. Searle's opposition is that if an individual memorizes and keeps track of the Chinese symbols in their head, then the only part of the system would be the individual

Technological advances

1447 words - 6 pages answers the questions in Chinese through a program. However, since the human does not understand Chinese, the individual would not understand the question or the answer he or she is giving. Similarly, a machine receives data and produces an output, but does not understand the concept. The Chinese Room also shows that a machine could possibly pass the Turing Test but not genuinely understand it. Moreover, the "Systems Reply" states that the whole

Wallach and Allen’s Ethical Thought of AMAs

1120 words - 5 pages not only need AMAs, the world also need good build AMAs, human cannot be afraid of developing computer technology because some science fiction writers wrote about the scene that robots are flooding the world. All in all, we should build AMAs and only good build AMAs. (B) Need “Turing test” on ethics “Turing test” is proposed by Alan Turing in “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”. Turing envisioned an “imitation game” to determine and verify

Artificial Sentience

1067 words - 4 pages . Among the most notable of them is Ray Kurzweil, an inventor and futurist who has, among other things, correctly predicted the explosive growth of the Internet. He predicts that by 2029 the first computer will pass the Turing test [Turing, 1950], meaning that it will be able to answer written questions in a manner indistinguishable from a human [Kurzweil, 2005]. Works Cited [Egan, 1994] Egan, G. (1994). Permutation City. London: Clays

Andrew And The Mind

1279 words - 5 pages have a mind?" I would argue that Andrew certainly has a mind. He could certainly pass the Turing test as well as overcome the Chinese room problem. He fulfills Searle's criteria that only certain types of machines can think, mainly ones with internal causal powers. Andrew also displays several characteristics that are only ascribed to human minds. With all this evidence, it is evident that Andrew did, in fact, have a mind.Andrew most definitely

Similar Essays

The Turing Test: An Overview Essay

752 words - 4 pages 3/16/14 The Turing Test: An Overview In this essay, I describe in detail a hypothetical test contemporarily known as the Turing test along with it’s respective objective. In addition, I examine a distinguished objection to the test, and Turing’s consequential response to it. Created by English mathematician Alan Turing, the Turing test (formerly known as the imitation game) is a behavioral approach that assesses a system’s ability

A Philosophical Essay Arguing Against The Theories Presented In "The Turing Test" Of Artificial Intelligence

1039 words - 4 pages Turing the Technological MindIn recent years, as complex computer technology has become more advanced, many believe that the gap between a human's ability to "think" and a computer's is beginning to close. The concepts presented in the prolific "Turing Test" are often cited by those who support this belief as reason to endorse the fact that computers will one day have a mind similar to a human's. In this widely used test designed by Alan Turing

What Is The Turing Test, And Why Is It So Difficult To Pass?

2188 words - 9 pages comprising the nervous system? To create an intelligent machine or a computer, it is necessary to grant it with thinking capabilities that are at par with humans. If such an intelligent machine is ever created, how can we test whether it can think on its own? How can it be certified as Artificial Intelligence? Alan Mathison Turing, a computer analyst, mathematician and cryptoanalyst, provided a simple solution to this problem. In a paper

"Why Does Searle Think That The Chinese Room Thought Experiment Shows That The Turing Test Is Invalid, Strong Ai False? Can A Computer Or Robot Possess Understanding And Intelligence?"

1570 words - 6 pages A commonly raised question brought up when analyzing the methodology behind the "The Turing Test", is can a computer's "thinking" exist with both syntax and semantics? And are both these required to "think"? John Searle's "Chinese Room Experiment" sets out to prove that although a merely syntactic computer may be able to pass "The Turing Test" it's understanding of the issues being posed to it are non-existent. In this essay I shall argue how